Accepted for Publication: February 20, 2014.
Published Online: April 14, 2014. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.949.
Study concept and design: Tannenbaum, Tamblyn, Ahmed.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Tannenbaum, Martin.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Tannenbaum, Martin, Benedetti, Ahmed.
Obtained funding: Tannenbaum.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Martin.
Study supervision: Tannenbaum.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Mr Martin received a bursary from the Michel Saucier Endowed Chair in Pharmacology, Health, and Aging of the Faculty of Pharmacy of the Université de Montréal, and Drs Tannenbaum and Ahmed are clinician scientists funded by the Fonds de Recherche en Santé de Quebec. No other disclosures are reported.
Funding/Support: This study received financial support from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (grant KTE-CFCL-108262).
Role of the Sponsors: The authors retained full independence from the study sponsor in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, and approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Additional Contributions: Joelle Dorais, BA, research coordinator, conducted the in-home interviews and enrolled participants in the study. France Laprès, RN, MSc, aided with recruitment and follow-up and also helped evaluate outcomes according to the prespecified protocol; Mira Jabbour, MSc, and Francine Giroux, MSc, assisted with database management; and Doneal Thomas, MSc, assisted with the data analyses. Joelle Dorais, France Laprès, Mira Jabbour, and Francine Giroux are all affiliated to the Centre de Recherche de l'Institut Universitaire de Gériatrie de Montréal, while Doneal Thomas is affiliated with the Respiratory Epidemiology and Clinical Research Unit at the McGill University Health Centre. These individuals received financial compensation for their contribution to this work. We express gratitude to all the participants and pharmacists who took part in this trial. Particular thanks are offered to the Pharmacy Services Department of the Jean Coutu Group (PJC) Inc for their collaboration and support. Doneal Thomas, Departments of Medicine and Epidemiology, Biostatistics & Occupational Health, McGill University, and Respiratory Epidemiology and Clinical Research Unit, McGill University Health Centre, provided assistance in coding, and database manipulation during the analysis owing to his extensive experience with the analysis software.
Additional Information: Patient-level data and the full dataset are available on request from the authors.