This pragmatic cluster randomized clinical trial evaluates the effectiveness of advice plus referral to smoking cessation services in individuals with varying levels and lengths of smoking.
This randomized clinical trial compares a multicomponent intervention (including a nurse care manager, electronic registry, data-driven academic detailing, and electronic decision tools) with electronic decision tools alone to improve adherence to opioid-prescribing guidelines.
This systematic review assessed the quality of interdisciplinary team care interventions in general medical patients, and evidence suggests that these interventions have little effect on traditional measures of health care quality.
This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluates the effectiveness of controlled interventions to reduce burnout in physicians.
Tannenbaum and colleagues compare the effect of a direct-to-consumer educational intervention against usual care on benzodiazepine therapy discontinuation in community-dwelling older adults.
Leppin et al synthesize the evidence of the efficacy of interventions to reduce early hospital readmissions and identify intervention features—including their impact on treatment burden and on patients’ capacity to enact postdischarge self-care—that might explain their varying effects.
This cohort study compares early vs later orthostatic hypotension measurements and their association with history of dizziness and long-term adverse outcomes.
This population-level analysis of early trends in use of the services targeted by the Choosing Wisely campaign showed both desirable and undesirable modest changes in use of low-value services, suggesting that additional interventions are necessary for wider implementation of the recommendations.
This case-control study found that when physicians assisted and arranged follow-up for smokers, rates of quitting smoking increased.
This cross-sectional analysis found that informed decision making is often incomplete in conversations between cardiologists and patients with stable angina.
This quasi-experimental longitudinal study quantifies the influence of a large-scale communication training program on nursing home antipsychotic use.
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