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 Showing 21-40 of 73 Articles
Research Letter 
Rene Rodriguez-Gutierrez, MD, MSc; Naykky Singh Ospina, MD, MSc; Rozalina G. McCoy, MD, MS; Kasia J. Lipska, MD; Nilay D. Shah, PhD; Victor M. Montori, MD, MSc; for the Hypoglycemia as a Quality Measure in Diabetes Study Group

This study assesses the inclusion and prioritization of hypoglycemia in contemporary clinical guidelines and performance measures for patients with diabetes.

Research Letter 
John W. Ayers, PhD, MA; Eric C. Leas, MPH; Mark Dredze, PhD; Jon-Patrick Allem, PhD, MA; Jurek G. Grabowski, PhD; Linda Hill, MD, MPH

This study reports on an assessment of drivers and pedestrians distracted by Pokémon GO.

Original Investigation 
Grethe Albrektsen, PhD; Ivar Heuch, PhD; Maja-Lisa Løchen, MD, PhD; Dag Steinar Thelle, MD, PhD; Tom Wilsgaard, PhD; Inger Njølstad, MD, PhD; Kaare Harald Bønaa, MD, PhD

Importance  It is not clear to what extent the higher incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) in men vs women is explained by differences in risk factor levels because few studies have presented adjusted risk estimates for sex. Moreover, the increase in risk of CHD in postmenopausal ...

Invited Commentary 
Elissa Ladd, PhD, FNP-BC; Alex Hoyt, PhD, FNP

Grundy and colleagues1 have elegantly quantified a practice that has garnered scant attention in the literature; that is, that pharmaceutical promotions reach well beyond the bounds of physicians and even other authorized prescribers, such as nurse practitioners (NPs). The findings that nonprescribing nurses were present at nearly ...

Invited Commentary 
Marion Nestle, PhD, MPH

Industry-sponsored nutrition research, like that of research sponsored by the tobacco, chemical, and pharmaceutical industries, almost invariably produces results that confirm the benefits or lack of harm of the sponsor’s products, even when independently sponsored research comes to opposite conclusions.1 Although considerable evidence demonstrates that those industries ...

Special Communication  FREE
Cristin E. Kearns, DDS, MBA; Laura A. Schmidt, PhD, MSW, MPH; Stanton A. Glantz, PhD
Includes: Supplemental Content

Early warning signals of the coronary heart disease (CHD) risk of sugar (sucrose) emerged in the 1950s. We examined Sugar Research Foundation (SRF) internal documents, historical reports, and statements relevant to early debates about the dietary causes of CHD and assembled findings chronologically into a narrative case study. ...

Invited Commentary: Food Industry Funding of Nutrition Research; Marion Nestle, PhD, MPH
Evidence to Practice 
David J. T. Campbell, MD, MSc; Lesley J. J. Soril, MSc; Fiona Clement, PhD

This simulated analysis of cost-sharing in member nations of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development found a large variation in costs borne by patients, often dependent on age, comorbidities, and socioeconomic status.

Teachable Moment 
David S. Raymer, MD; David L. Brown, MD

This Teachable Moment describes a patient who died from respiratory failure after a cardiologist chose an individualized treatment approach rather than a more conservative, evidence-based approach.

Research Letter 
Quinn Grundy, PhD, RN; Alice Fabbri, MD; Barbara Mintzes, PhD; Swestika Swandari, BSc(Pharm); Lisa Bero, PhD

This report describes the extent of inclusion of nurses in pharmaceutical company-sponsored educational events in Australia.

Invited Commentary: Pharmaceutical Industry Interactions With Nonprescribing Clinicians; Elissa Ladd, PhD, FNP-BC; Alex Hoyt, PhD, FNP
Stephanie R. Morain, PhD, MPH; Leah R. Fowler, JD; Jessica L. Roberts, JD

This Viewpoint examines employers’ use of wellness program analytics to predict pregnancy.

This Editorial discusses the US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement on screening for latent tuberculosis infection in adults.

Original Investigation 
Hayley B. Gershengorn, MD; Damon C. Scales, MD, PhD; Andrew Kramer, PhD; Hannah Wunsch, MD, MSc
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Little is known about the timing of extubations for patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) who undergo mechanical ventilation (MV) or whether overnight extubation is safe.

Objectives  To describe the frequency of overnight extubations and assess the association between overnight extubations and clinical outcomes....

Invited Commentary: Overnight Extubation in Patients With Mechanical Ventilation; Peter K. Moore, MD; Michael A. Matthay, MD
Invited Commentary 
Daphne Miller, MD

Recent consumer surveys indicate that a gluten-free diet has become one of the most popular health food trends in the United States, such that 1 in 5 individuals have eliminated or reduced gluten in their daily diet, a number that far exceeds the small subgroup that carries a ...

Invited Commentary 
Peter K. Moore, MD; Michael A. Matthay, MD

The timing of extubation in patients with mechanical ventilation is confronted by intensivists and physicians in the United States on a daily basis. Theoretically, earlier extubation has the potential to prevent ventilator-associated complications and decrease the length of intensive care unit (ICU) and hospital stays. However, overnight extubation ...

Evidence to Practice 
Daniel A. Ollendorf, PhD; Alexander T. Sandhu, MD; Steven D. Pearson, MD, MSc

This Evidence to Practice report assesses the comparative clinical effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, and potential budget impact of the CardioMEMS HF system relative to standard heart failure management.

Research Letter 
Hyun-seok Kim, MD, MPH; Kalpesh G. Patel, MD; Evan Orosz, DO; Neil Kothari, MD; Michael F. Demyen, MD; Nikolaos Pyrsopoulos, MD, PhD, MBA; Sushil K. Ahlawat, MD

This study uses data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys to examine the current trends in the prevalence of celiac disease and adherence to a gluten-free diet.

Invited Commentary: Maybe It’s Not the Gluten; Daphne Miller, MD

This Viewpoint discusses potential consequences of China policies mandating attentive behaviors of children to their elder parents and punishing behaviors deemed insufficiently attentive through public shaming and loss of credit.

Original Investigation 
Mark Olfson, MD, MPH; Carlos Blanco, MD, PhD; Steven C. Marcus, PhD
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Despite recent increased use of antidepressants in the United States, concerns persist that many adults with depression do not receive treatment, whereas others receive treatments that do not match their level of illness severity.

Objective  To characterize the treatment of adult depression in the United ...

Invited Commentary 
Anna L. Parks, MD; Patrick G. O’Malley, MD, MPH

Since 2012, the American Board of Internal Medicine’s (ABIM) Choosing Wisely initiative has targeted low-value care by creating lists of wasteful interventions and disseminating them to physicians and patients. Its original goal was to promote conversation about risks and benefits to prevent unnecessary tests and procedures.1 In ...

Research Letter 
Mona Krouss, MD; Lindsay Croft, PhD, MS; Daniel J. Morgan, MD, MS

This survey study describes academic internal medicine physicians' understanding of benefits and harms of common medical interventions, their use of statistical terms in patient communication, and their awareness of high-value health care campaigns.

Invited Commentary: From Choosing Wisely to Practicing Value—More to the Story; Anna L. Parks, MD; Patrick G. O’Malley, MD, MPH

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