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 Showing 1-20 of 27 Articles
Teachable Moment 
Nathanial S. Nolan, BS; Scott M. Koerber, DO; Sudarshan Balla, MD

This case of a patient with pseudoatrial flutter waves demonstrates the importance of obtaining a 12-lead electrocardiogram to avoid misidentifying pseudoatrial flutter waves with new-onset atrial flutter.

Original Investigation 
Joan M. Teno, MD, MS; Mike Plotzke, PhD; Thomas Christian, PhD; Pedro Gozalo, PhD

Importance  In the final days of life, symptoms are exacerbated and often families need both education and emotional support from hospice professional staff. The Medicare Hospice Benefit provides a per-diem payment with no requirements on the frequency of patient visits.

Objective  To examine individual characteristics, hospice ...

Invited Commentary: Variability in Hospice Care at the Very End of Life; Eric Widera, MD; Shaida Talebreza, MD
Original Investigation 
Michael K. Ong, MD, PhD; Patrick S. Romano, MD, MPH; Sarah Edgington, MA; Harriet U. Aronow, PhD; Andrew D. Auerbach, MD, MPH; Jeanne T. Black, PhD, MBA; Teresa De Marco, MD; Jose J. Escarce, MD, PhD; Lorraine S. Evangelista, RN, PhD; Barbara Hanna, RN, PhD; Theodore G. Ganiats, MD; Barry H. Greenberg, MD; Sheldon Greenfield, MD, MPH; Sherrie H. Kaplan, PhD, MPH; Asher Kimchi, MD; Honghu Liu, PhD; Dawn Lombardo, MD; Carol M. Mangione, MD, MSPH; Bahman Sadeghi, MD, MBS; Banafsheh Sadeghi, MD, PhD; Majid Sarrafzadeh, PhD; Kathleen Tong, MD; Gregg C. Fonarow, MD; for the Better Effectiveness After Transition–Heart Failure (BEAT-HF) Research Group
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  It remains unclear whether telemonitoring approaches provide benefits for patients with heart failure (HF) after hospitalization.

Objective  To evaluate the effectiveness of a care transition intervention using remote patient monitoring in reducing 180-day all-cause readmissions among a broad population of older adults hospitalized with HF....

Invited Commentary: Reducing Readmissions in Patients With Heart Failure; Kumar Dharmarajan, MD, MBA; Sarwat I. Chaudhry, MD
Invited Commentary  FREE
Eric Widera, MD; Shaida Talebreza, MD

More than 1.6 million individuals in the United States receive hospice care every year,1 which is provided by an increasing number of hospice agencies. What started with a few small nonprofit hospice agencies in the 1970s is now a multibillion-dollar industry comprising nonprofit and for-profit companies that ...

Invited Commentary 
Kumar Dharmarajan, MD, MBA; Sarwat I. Chaudhry, MD

Three years into the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program, patients remain at high risk for readmission after hospitalization for heart failure. The most recent data from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services1 indicate that almost 22% of older adults with heart failure are readmitted to the hospital ...

Editor's Note 
David S. Aaronson, MD; Rita F. Redberg, MD, MSc

The use of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening for prostate cancer is controversial. Various organizations have released conflicting messages regarding the use of the PSA screening test. In 2012, the US Preventive Services Task Force recommended against routine PSA screening, citing a lack of evidence regarding its benefits and ...

Research Letter 
Michael E. Zavaski, MD; Christian P. Meyer, MD; Jesse D. Sammon, DO; Julian Hanske, MD; Soham Gupta; Maxine Sun, MPH; Quoc-Dien Trinh, MD

This survey study compares the use of prostate-specific antigen testing among men aged 50 to 74 years before and after the 2012 United States Preventive Services Task Force guidelines were issued.

Editor's Note: Use of Prostate-Specific Antigen Testing Is in the Eye of the Beholder; David S. Aaronson, MD; Rita F. Redberg, MD, MSc
Viewpoint 
Amy Kapczynski, JD

This Viewpoint discusses the implications of recent circuit court decisions regarding commercial speech and off-label marketing of prescription drugs.

Original Investigation 
Jay Thakkar, FRACP; Rahul Kurup, MBBS; Tracey-Lea Laba, PhD; Karla Santo, MD; Aravinda Thiagalingam, PhD; Anthony Rodgers, PhD; Mark Woodward, PhD; Julie Redfern, PhD; Clara K. Chow, PhD
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Adherence to long-term therapies in chronic disease is poor. Traditional interventions to improve adherence are complex and not widely effective. Mobile telephone text messaging may be a scalable means to support medication adherence.

Objectives  To conduct a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials to assess the ...

Invited Commentary: Mobile Text Messaging for Medication Adherence; Robby Nieuwlaat, PhD; Niraj Mistry, MD, MSc; R. Brian Haynes, MD, PhD
Original Investigation 
Reto Auer, MD, MAS; Eric Vittinghoff, PhD, MPH; Kristine Yaffe, MD; Arnaud Künzi, BA; Stefan G. Kertesz, MD, MSc; Deborah A. Levine, MD, MPH; Emiliano Albanese, MD, PhD, MPH; Rachel A. Whitmer, PhD; David R. Jacobs Jr, PhD; Stephen Sidney, MD; M. Maria Glymour, ScD, MS; Mark J. Pletcher, MD, MPH
Includes: Supplemental Content

Importance  Marijuana use is increasingly common in the United States. It is unclear whether it has long-term effects on memory and other domains of cognitive function.

Objective  To study the association between cumulative lifetime exposure to marijuana use and cognitive performance in middle age.

Design, Setting, ...

Invited Commentary: Long-term Marijuana Use and Cognitive Impairment in Middle Age; Wayne Hall, PhD; Michael Lynskey, PhD
Invited Commentary 
Wayne Hall, PhD; Michael Lynskey, PhD

During the last 20 years, there have been substantial changes in the legal status and public perception of marijuana in the United States. Decriminalization, medical dispensaries with marijuana for those with a physician’s note, and legalization of marijuana in several states have resulted in increased availability and more ...

Invited Commentary 
Robby Nieuwlaat, PhD; Niraj Mistry, MD, MSc; R. Brian Haynes, MD, PhD

Low patient medication adherence is one of the 2 largest unsolved gaps in health care, with the other being suboptimal therapy prescription. For example, oral anticoagulation (OAC) is firmly recommended in patients with atrial fibrillation at high risk for stroke, but typically about half of the eligible patients ...

Federal health advisory committees in the United States meet in public. Public speakers who travel to the Washington, DC, or Baltimore areas to attend meetings of the committees that advise the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) or the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) often have ...

Research Letter 
Ronen Zalts, MD; Dana Ben-Hur, MD; Ali Yahia, MD; Jasmin Khateeb, MD; Vera Belsky, BSc; Nirit Grushko, BSc; Gidon Berger, MD

This article describes trends in the use of low-value diagnostic tests at a hospital after implementation of consensus recommendations developed by a team of physicians and engineers to reduce their use.

This study reviewed transcripts of meetings of the Oncologic Drugs Advisory Committee to the US Food and Drug Administration to characterize potential financial and other conflicts of interest of public speakers.

Editorial 
Mary A. Whooley, MD, FACP, FAHA, FACC

The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF)1 has issued new recommendations on Screening for Depression in which they concluded, “The USPSTF recommends screening for depression in the general adult population, including pregnant and postpartum women. Screening should be implemented with adequate systems in place to ensure accurate ...

Perspective 
Jacob Adashek, BA

A perfect stranger saved my life. He didn’t jump in front of a moving vehicle or fend off an attacker. He wasn’t perfect for the reasons one might think, but for my predicament, he was indeed perfect—a 10 out of 10 match, to be exact. I required such ...

Research Letter 
Christopher M. Jones, PharmD, MPH; Peter G. Lurie, MD, MPH; Douglas C. Throckmorton, MD

This study examines national patterns to identify effects on opioid analgesic prescribing before and after the US Drug Enforcement Administration’s rescheduling of hydrocodone combination analgesic products.

Research Letter 
Jodie Ingles, GradDipGenCouns, PhD, MPH; Catherine Spinks, BSc, MGC; Laura Yeates, BSc, GradDipGenCouns; Kevin McGeechan, MBiostat, PhD; Nadine Kasparian, BA, PhD, MAPS; Christopher Semsarian, MBBS, PhD, MPH

This cross-sectional study assesses psychological functioning, including prolonged grief and posttraumatic stress symptoms, and identifies factors that correlate with adverse outcomes after the sudden cardiac death of a young relative.

Research Letter 
William B. Weeks, MD, PhD, MBA

This study examines whether variation in 7 categories of per capita Medicare expenditures had changed in the 10 years beginning 2003.

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