Antibiotics are among the most commonly prescribed medications worldwide. Despite their benefits, substantial evidence indicates that antibiotics are overprescribed and frequently used inappropriately.1 The impact of inappropriate antibiotic use is substantial, including unnecessary costs, avoidable adverse events, and contribution to the development of drug-resistant organisms.
During the past decade, guidelines have been developed along with implementation of system- and physician-based interventions designed to target improvements in antibiotic use.2 Despite mixed successes when various interventions have been rigorously evaluated, recent evidence from a nationally representative data set of visits to office-based physicians suggests that these efforts have been effective in reducing antibiotic use in the United States overall, particularly for ARIs.3 Although individual physician-based interventions (eg, detailing and education) would seem to be an effective target, broader or system-based interventions (eg, antimicrobial stewardship programs, mass marketing campaigns, and computerized decision support) appear to have greater effects on changing prescribing behavior.2,4
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Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and Association With Material Stature
Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal
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