We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor Treatment of Antithyroid Drug-Induced Granulocytopenia

Junichi Tajiri, MD; Shiro Noguchi, MD; Seiichi Okamura, MD; Mitsuo Morita, MD; Masaaki Tamaru, MD; Nobuo Murakami, MD; Yoshiyuki Niho, MD
Arch Intern Med. 1993;153(4):509-514. doi:10.1001/archinte.1993.00410040073011.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


The primary objective of this study was to ascertain the effectiveness of granulocyte colonystimulating factor in the treatment of antithyroid drug-induced granulocytopenia of varying degree. Sixteen patients with Graves' disease with antithyroid drug-induced granulocytopenia (granulocyte counts <1.0×109/L) each received a daily dose of 75 μg of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor administered subcutaneously. Within 24 hours of the first injection, the granulocyte count increased (0.6 to 12.3×109/L) in all 10 patients with mild granulocytopenia (granulocyte counts between 0.5 and 1.0×109/L) and all three with moderate granulocytopenia (granulocyte counts <0.5×109/L). The three remaining patients with severe granulocytopenia (agranulocytic), whose granulocyte counts were zero, did not recover from granulocytopenia until the 6th, 7th, and 14th days of treatment with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor. Examination of bone marrow taken at the onset of the disease in all three agranulocytic patients showed a prominent decrease in granulocytic series, while identical examination in six of eight patients with mild to moderate granulocytopenia showed close to normal granulocytic series. There was no elevation of serum granulocyte colony-stimulating factor concentration in four patients with mild granulocytopenia and one with moderate granulocytopenia at the onset of their disease, whereas those of the remaining three patients with severe granulocytopenia (agranulocytic) increased at onset of agranulocytosis. This information led us to conclude that (1) granulocyte colony-stimulating factor is effective in the treatment of antithyroid drug-induced mild to moderate granulocytopenia and (2) in severe agranulocytic cases, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor is not effective. Accordingly, we were again reminded of the importance of early diagnosis and treatment of antithyroid drug-induced agranulocytosis.

(Arch Intern Med. 1993;153:509-514)


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

43 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.