0
ARTICLE |

Impact of Medical Hospitalization on Treatment Decision-Making Capacity in the Elderly

L. Jaime Fitten; Martha S. Waite
Arch Intern Med. 1990;150(8):1717-1721. doi:10.1001/archinte.1990.00040031717022.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

A growing population of hospitalized elderly will need to make an increasing number of treatment decisions. No generally accepted criteria currently exist to assess the decision-making capacity of these elders. In this study, three hypothetical clinical vignettes were developed to assess treatment decision-making capacity in 25 presumably competent, medically ill, nondistressed, hospitalized elders and 25 healthy, age- and education-matched controls. The patients' understanding of the vignettes was evaluated and compared with their understanding of a standard consent form; with their performance on a mini-mental state examination; and with physician judgments about their decisional capacity. Vignette results indicate a significant difference between study and control groups in understanding of key treatment issues. Healthy controls demonstrated a better understanding of these issues. Twenty-eight percent of the patients had significant decisional impairments by vignette assessment but were not identified by mental status scores or physician judgments. Results suggest that presumably competent, medically ill elders may be at risk for developing decisional impairments during hospitalization for acute illness. Obtaining informed consent directly from many of these patients may not be feasible.

(Arch Intern Med. 1990;150:1717-1721).

Topics

Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Web of Science® Times Cited: 60

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();