The effects of weight reduction on blood pressure were
assessed in 301 obese patients. Weight reduction was achieved
by behavior modification, medication, or their combination and
was associated with significant reductions in systolic and diastolic blood pressure. The weight reduction method was less
important than the amount of weight lost in determining reductions in blood pressure. The greatest reductions in weight and
blood pressure occurred during the first half of weight loss,
suggesting that even brief treatment (ie, 8 to 10 weeks) may
benefit obese, hypertensive patients. Despite repeated measurements, 36 patients who failed to lose weight showed no decrease
in blood pressure. Although blood pressure rose during follow-up in patients who regained weight, it remained below baseline
levels. These findings provide further support for weight reduction in the control of hypertension.
(Arch Intern Med. 1990;150:1701-1704)
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