We describe 2 Dutch patients with recurrent fever attacks undiagnosed for more than 40 years. The diagnosis of periodic fever was made when molecular analysis revealed novel mutations in the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor gene (TNFRSF1A), establishing the diagnosis of TNF receptor–associated periodic syndrome. This syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by recurring episodes of fever, arthralgia, and skin lesions that is caused by mutations in the 55-kd TNFRSF1A gene. This finding has facilitated treatment for TNF receptor–associated periodic syndrome because blocking of TNF signaling seems to alleviate the symptoms. Use of a short course of recombinant p75TNFR:Fc fusion protein (etanercept) induced prolonged remission in one patient.
Family trees of patients 1 (A) and 2 (B). Arrows indicate the patients; line through a symbol, deceased; closed symbol, affected; open symbol, unaffected; and open symbol around a black circle, carrier of mutation without clinical symptoms.
Effect of treatment with etanercept in patient 2 on body temperature and C-reactive protein level. Thick horizontal lines indicate the times when the patient had accompanying symptoms (see the "Diagnosis" subsection); plus signs, subcutaneous injection of 25 mg of etanercept.
Thank you for submitting a comment on this article. It will be reviewed by JAMA Internal Medicine editors. You will be notified when your comment has been published. Comments should not exceed 500 words of text and 10 references.
Do not submit personal medical questions or information that could identify a specific patient, questions about a particular case, or general inquiries to an author. Only content that has not been published, posted, or submitted elsewhere should be submitted. By submitting this Comment, you and any coauthors transfer copyright to the journal if your Comment is posted.
* = Required Field
Disclosure of Any Conflicts of Interest*
Indicate all relevant conflicts of interest of each author below, including all relevant financial interests, activities, and relationships within the past 3 years including, but not limited to, employment, affiliation, grants or funding, consultancies, honoraria or payment, speakers’ bureaus, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, royalties, donation of medical equipment, or patents planned, pending, or issued. If all authors have none, check "No potential conflicts or relevant financial interests" in the box below. Please also indicate any funding received in support of this work. The information will be posted with your response.
Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.
Download citation file:
Web of Science® Times Cited: 17
Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.
More Listings atJAMACareerCenter.com >
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a link to reset your password.
Enter your username and email address. We'll send instructions on how to reset your password to the email address we have on record.
Athens and Shibboleth are access management services that provide single sign-on to protected resources. They replace the multiple user names and passwords necessary to access subscription-based content with a single user name and password that can be entered once per session. It operates independently of a user's location or IP address. If your institution uses Athens or Shibboleth authentication, please contact your site administrator to receive your user name and password.