No large controlled studies to date have examined the hepatic safety of parenteral ketorolac, which is used to treat acutely ill hospitalized patients who may be at greatest risk of liver injury.
To measure the association between the use of parenteral ketorolac and subsequent liver injury.
A nonexperimental cohort study conducted in 35 hospitals in the greater Philadelphia, Pa, region examined 10 272 courses of parenteral ketorolac (the exposed group) and 10 247 courses of parenteral opioid (the comparison group). Liver injury was defined by a modified intrnational consensus definition that relied exclusively on liver function tests. Proportional hazards regression was used to calculate the rate ratio and 95% confidence interval for the association between ketorolac exposure and the occurrence of liver injury, controlling for potentially confounding factors, and to explore the possible effects of duration and dose.
The incidence of liver injury was 1.0% in the ketorolac group and 1.2% in the opioid group, yielding an unadjusted rate ratio of 0.77 (95% confidence interval, 0.59-1.01). Simultaneously adjusting for multiple potentially confounding factors did not change this result. There was no evidence for a duration-response relationship (P=.96) or a dose-response relationship (P=.23). We were unable to identify any subgroups that were susceptible to possible hepatotoxic effects of parenteral ketorolac.
This study failed to find evidence of a hepatotoxic effect of parenteral ketorolac use in the hospital setting and provides strong evidence against the existence of a clinically meaningful association between exposure to parenteral ketorolac in the hospital setting and liver injury.Arch Intern Med. 1997;157:2510-2514
Thank you for submitting a comment on this article. It will be reviewed by JAMA Internal Medicine editors. You will be notified when your comment has been published. Comments should not exceed 500 words of text and 10 references.
Do not submit personal medical questions or information that could identify a specific patient, questions about a particular case, or general inquiries to an author. Only content that has not been published, posted, or submitted elsewhere should be submitted. By submitting this Comment, you and any coauthors transfer copyright to the journal if your Comment is posted.
* = Required Field
Disclosure of Any Conflicts of Interest*
Indicate all relevant conflicts of interest of each author below, including all relevant financial interests, activities, and relationships within the past 3 years including, but not limited to, employment, affiliation, grants or funding, consultancies, honoraria or payment, speakers’ bureaus, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, royalties, donation of medical equipment, or patents planned, pending, or issued. If all authors have none, check "No potential conflicts or relevant financial interests" in the box below. Please also indicate any funding received in support of this work. The information will be posted with your response.
Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.
Download citation file:
Web of Science® Times Cited: 6
Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.
More Listings atJAMACareerCenter.com >
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a link to reset your password.
Enter your username and email address. We'll send instructions on how to reset your password to the email address we have on record.
Athens and Shibboleth are access management services that provide single sign-on to protected resources. They replace the multiple user names and passwords necessary to access subscription-based content with a single user name and password that can be entered once per session. It operates independently of a user's location or IP address. If your institution uses Athens or Shibboleth authentication, please contact your site administrator to receive your user name and password.