0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
ARTICLE |

Effect of Weight, Sex, Age, Clinical Diagnosis, and Thromboplastin Reagent on Steady-state Intravenous Heparin Requirements

Richard H. White, MD; Hong Zhou, PhD; Linda Woo, MD; Dennis Mungall, PharmD
Arch Intern Med. 1997;157(21):2468-2472. doi:10.1001/archinte.1997.00440420100009.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Background:  There is a significant direct relationship between steady-state intravenous heparin dose requirements and total body weight. Less is known about whether sex, age, clinical diagnosis, and the thromboplastin used to measure the activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) affect heparin dose requirements.

Methods:  Four cohorts of patients treated with intravenous heparin were gathered from 3 hospitals: 2 cohorts with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and 2 cohorts with coronary artery disease (CAD). For each clinical diagnosis, half the patients were monitored using one aPTT reagent and the remainder were monitored using a second reagent. Heparin doses and aPTT measurements were recorded, and the dose necessary to achieve an aPTT ratio of 2.0 was calculated using a computer software program.

Results:  We analyzed the records of 340 patients: 165 with DVT and 175 with CAD. Using analysis of variance, there was a significant difference in the steady-state heparin requirements among patients with DVT compared with patients with CAD (P<.001). For each clinical diagnosis, the use of a different thromboplastin reagent did not affect heparin dose requirements (P>.42). Linear regression modeling disclosed that the steady-state heparin dose for patients with DVT was a function of weight plus an effect modifier involving weight and age, whereas for patients with CAD there was only a weak relationship with weight.

Conclusions:  Steady-state heparin dose requirements were significantly different in patients with DVT compared with patients with CAD, suggesting that different dosing nomograms are needed for each condition. For patients with DVT, the accuracy of the initial heparin dose estimate may be improved by considering the patient's age and weight.Arch Intern Med. 1997;157:2468-2472

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Web of Science® Times Cited: 25

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();