0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
ARTICLE |

The Importance of Initial Heparin Treatment on Long-term Clinical Outcomes of Antithrombotic Therapy:  The Emerging Theme of Delayed Recurrence

Russell D. Hull, MBBS, MSc; Gary E. Raskob, MSc; Rollin F. Brant, PhD; Graham F. Pineo, MD; Karen A. Valentine, MD, PhD
Arch Intern Med. 1997;157(20):2317-2321. doi:10.1001/archinte.1997.00440410049005.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Background:  Recent clinical trials of venous thromboembolism treatment suggest inadequate initial heparin therapy predisposes patients to late recurrence of thromboembolism. However, a recent review article was unable to demonstrate a relationship between initial heparin therapy and late recurrence.

Objective:  To evaluate the relationship between initial heparin treatment and long-term clinical outcome in 3 consecutive, randomized, double-blind trials that used similar study designs and patient populations and objective documentation of recurrent venous thromboembolism.

Methods:  The trials were performed sequentially and compared the use of continuous intravenous with subcutaneous heparin, continuous intravenous heparin for 10 or 5 days, and continuous intravenous heparin with once-daily subcutaneous low-molecular-weight heparin. All patients were followed up for 3 months to assess the a priori hypothesis that inadequate initial heparin therapy could lead to recurrent venous thromboembolism during long-term therapy with warfarin sodium.

Results:  The following were the observed rates of recurrent venous thromboembolism: continuous intravenous heparin, 3 (5.2%) of 58 patients vs subcutaneous heparin, 11 (19.3%) of 57 patients; continuous intravenous heparin for 10 days, 7 (7.0%) of 100 patients or for 5 days, 7 (7.1%) of 99 patients; and continuous intravenous heparin, 15 (6.9%) of 219 patients vs low-molecular-weight heparin, 6 (2.8%) of 213 patients. Pooled analysis of the patients treated with continuous intravenous heparin showed that of the total 32 patients with recurrent venous thromboembolism, in 6 patients thromboembolism occurred early (<10 days) and in 26 patients thromboembolism occurred late. Of these patients, the majority (20/32 [62.5%]) had therapeutic prothrombin time or international normalized ratio values before or at the time of the recurrent thromboembolic event.

Conclusion:  Our findings demonstrate that the initial heparin treatment affects the long-term outcome. This conclusion applies when these data are analyzed for each individual study by treatment group, observed difference in outcome, and pooled analysis.Arch Intern Med. 1997;157:2317-2321

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Web of Science® Times Cited: 90

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();