Until recently, treatment for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection was limited to the use of nucleoside inhibitors of the viral enzyme reverse transcriptase. While these agents initially offered promise, they have only modest antiviral activity and the benefits of treatment are limited by the emergence of drug resistance and dose-limiting toxic effects.1,2 Development of more potent drugs that target different stages of the virus life cycle has thus been aggressively pursued. Efforts to develop inhibitors of HIV-1 protease have yielded a potent new class of compounds that suppress HIV-1 replication to an extent far greater than was previously attainable. Four protease inhibitors, saquinavir mesylate, ritonavir, nelfinavir, and indinavir sulfate, have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration. Other agents are undergoing active investigation. The purpose of this article is to review the currently available data on those agents that have been approved for clinical use.
Arch Intern Med. 1997;157:951-959
Thank you for submitting a comment on this article. It will be reviewed by JAMA Internal Medicine editors. You will be notified when your comment has been published. Comments should not exceed 500 words of text and 10 references.
Do not submit personal medical questions or information that could identify a specific patient, questions about a particular case, or general inquiries to an author. Only content that has not been published, posted, or submitted elsewhere should be submitted. By submitting this Comment, you and any coauthors transfer copyright to the journal if your Comment is posted.
* = Required Field
Disclosure of Any Conflicts of Interest*
Indicate all relevant conflicts of interest of each author below, including all relevant financial interests, activities, and relationships within the past 3 years including, but not limited to, employment, affiliation, grants or funding, consultancies, honoraria or payment, speakers’ bureaus, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, royalties, donation of medical equipment, or patents planned, pending, or issued. If all authors have none, check "No potential conflicts or relevant financial interests" in the box below. Please also indicate any funding received in support of this work. The information will be posted with your response.
Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.
Download citation file:
Web of Science® Times Cited: 95
Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.
More Listings atJAMACareerCenter.com >
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a link to reset your password.
Enter your username and email address. We'll send instructions on how to reset your password to the email address we have on record.
Athens and Shibboleth are access management services that provide single sign-on to protected resources. They replace the multiple user names and passwords necessary to access subscription-based content with a single user name and password that can be entered once per session. It operates independently of a user's location or IP address. If your institution uses Athens or Shibboleth authentication, please contact your site administrator to receive your user name and password.