0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Access to paid content on this site is currently suspended due to excessive activity being detected from your IP address 54.196.196.72. Please contact the publisher to request reinstatement.
ARTICLE |

Fever, C-Reactive Protein, and Other Acute-Phase Reactants During Treatment of Infective Endocarditis

Lars Olaison, MD, PhD; Harriet Hogevik, MD, PhD; Kjell Alestig, MD, PhD
Arch Intern Med. 1997;157(8):885-892. doi:10.1001/archinte.1997.00440290069007.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Background:  Fever and sustained elevations of levels of C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and other inflammatory markers are common problems during treatment of infective endocarditis. We studied the value of these measurements during an 8-year period in all episodes of infective endocarditis treated in 1 university-affiliated institution.

Methods:  A total of 193 consecutive episodes that fulfilled the criteria for infective endocarditis were prospectively enrolled during 2 periods, 1984 through 1988 and 1993 through 1995. Fever and results of serial measurements of C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, white blood cell counts, and platelet counts were related to the clinical course of infective endocarditis.

Results:  Fever persisted or recurred in 108 episodes (57%) despite appropriate antibiotic treatment. The causes of persistent fever and recurrent fever were different. Persistent fever that lasted 7 days or longer was caused by acomplicating cardiac infection in 56% of these episodes. Recurrent fever, noted in 31% of all episodes and the major cause of fever during the third and fourth treatment weeks, was caused most often by hypersensitivity reactions to β-lactams. Elevations in C-reactive protein levels were significantly prolonged in the episodes with complicated courses compared with the episodes with uncomplicated courses, while mean erythrocyte sedimentation rate remained unchanged during treatment, not differentiating between complicated and uncomplicated episodes.

Conclusions:  Fever during treatment must be analyzed in terms of persistence and recurrence to provide a basis for clinical decisions. Serial measurements of Creactive protein are useful to monitor the reponse to antimicrobial therapy and to detect complications, while serial determinations of erythrocyte sedimentation rate are of no value.Arch Intern Med. 1997;157:885-892

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Web of Science® Times Cited: 22

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();