To determine the relationship of surgical repair of acute hip fracture within 2 days of hospital admission, followed by more than 5 sessions per week of physical and occupational therapy (PT/OT), to outcomes after acute hip fracture.
Comparison of hip fracture outcomes via secondary analysis of data obtained by retrospective medical record review according to timing of surgical repair and frequency of PT/OT, adjusted for patient, medical care, and hospital characteristics.
The study included the medical records of 1880 elderly Medicare recipients admitted from the community to 284 acute care hospitals in 5 states during 1981 and 1982 or 1985 and 1986 with a primary diagnosis of acute hip fracture who underwent surgical repair and received PT/OT.
Main Outcome Measures:
The postoperative day when ambulation first occurred, the length of hospital stay, and return to the community.
Earlier surgical repair was associated with a shorter length of hospital stay (5 fewer days, P<.001) without a statistically significant increase in medical complications. High frequency PT/OT was associated with earlier ambulation (odds ratio [OR], 1.76; 95% confidence limits [CL], 1.50, 2.07). Patients who underwent early surgical repair had shorter lengths of stay (6.5 fewer days, P<.001), were more likely to return to the community (OR, 1.45; 95% CL, 1.16, 1.81), and had better 6-month survival (OR, 2.8; 95% CL, 2.06,3.88), and patients younger than 85 years had fewer in-hospital complications (11% vs 4%, P<.001).
Surgical repair within the first 2 days of hospitalization and more than 5 PT/OT sessions per week were associated with better health outcomes in a nationally representative sample of elderly patients with hip fracture.Arch Intern Med. 1997;157:513-520