0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
ARTICLE |

Relapse of Tuberculosis After Treatment in Human Immunodeficiency Virus—Infected Patients

Federico Pulido, MD; Jose-Maria Peña, MD; Rafael Rubio, MD; Santiago Moreno, MD; Juan González, MD; Carlos Guijarro, MD; Jose-Ramón Costa, MD; Juan-José Vázquez, MD
Arch Intern Med. 1997;157(2):227-232. doi:10.1001/archinte.1997.00440230105014.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objectives:  To evaluate the relapse rate of tuberculosis after a complete course of antituberculous therapy in human immunodeficiency virus—infected patients and to identify the risk factors for relapse.

Patients and Methods:  Historic cohort study of all adult patients who were diagnosed as having human immunodeficiency virus infection and a first episode of culture-proved tuberculosis at 2 university hospitals in Madrid, Spain, between 1986 and 1992, and who completed at least 6 months of treatment were included and followed up until September 1994.

Results:  Of 276 patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection and tuberculosis, 87 could not be evaluated (6 died before treatment, 39 died during treatment, 36 did not complete the planned therapy, and 6 were unavailable during treatment). The remaining 189 received a standard regimen (ie, 3 or 4 drugs, always including rifampin and isoniazid, for ≥6 months). The median duration of follow-up for these 189 patients was 31.5 months, with a total of 4668 patient-months of follow-up after treatment; 105 patients (56%) were followed up until death. The relapse rate was 7.9% (2.7/ 100 patient-years). With multivariate analysis, a shorter duration of treatment and a low CD4+ cell count were associated with a greater probability of relapse. Relapses occurred in 5 (3.4%) of 148 patients who were treated for 9 or more months (1.7/100 patient-years) and in 10 (24%) of 41 patients who were treated for less than 9 months (10.9/100 patient-years) (P<.001; relative hazard, 9.2; 95% confidence interval, 3.1-26.9).

Conclusions:  As standard antituberculous therapy for 9 months is associated with a low rate of relapse, maintenance therapy is not required. Duration of treatment for less than 9 months is associated with a high rate of relapse.Arch Intern Med. 1997;157:227-232

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Web of Science® Times Cited: 49

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();