1995 Update of the Working Group Reports on Chronic Renal Failure and Renovascular Hypertension

Arch Intern Med. 1996;156(17):1938-1947. doi:10.1001/archinte.1996.00440160050008.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

To update 2 National High Blood Pressure Education Program working group reports on hypertension and chronic renal failure and renovascular hypertension, a working group was appointed by the director of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Literature was searched through MEDLINE and the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute information center library. Scientific evidence was given precedence over clinical anecdotal experience. The working group members produced initial draft documents that were circulated to additional experts on hypertension and renal disease. This reiterative process occurred for 18 draft documents. The final report was sent to the representatives of the 44 organizations on the Coordinating Committee for vote and unanimously approved September 1, 1995. The report recommended treatment of hypertension to the goal of 130/85 mm Hg with whatever therapy is necessary to prevent the development of hypertensive nephrosclerosis or the progression of established renal disease of diverse causes. It seems reasonable to recommend angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors as initial therapy for patients with diabetes and microalbuminuria or overt diabetic nephropathy with and without hypertension. Renovascular disease has emerged as a major cause of end-stage renal disease, especially in the elderly. Newer screening procedures for the noninvasive screening of renovascular disease include the captopril test, renal scintigraphy following captopril administration, duplex scanning, and magnetic resonance angiography.

Arch Intern Med. 1996;156:1938-1947


Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours





Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Web of Science® Times Cited: 68

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.