0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
ARTICLE |

Knowledge and Attitudes of Hospital-Based Physicians and Trainees About HIV Infection in the United States, Canada, India, and Thailand

Philip Brachman Jr, MD; Phyllis Kozarsky, MD; Martin Cetron, MD; Moire S. Jacob, MD; Bannasit Boonitt, MD; Jirasak Wongsrichanalai, MD; Jay S. Keystone, MD
Arch Intern Med. 1996;156(7):761-766. doi:10.1001/archinte.1996.00440070085010.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Objective:  To examine the attitudes and knowledge of health care professionals regarding human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in countries with a varying prevalence of HIV infection to assist in the development of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) educational programs.

Design:  Anonymous questionnaire with four sections: demographics, attitudes, knowledge, and an open-ended question investigating feelings about the potential impact that HIV infection may have on respondents' practices.

Participants:  Final-year medical students, house staff, and attending physicians at teaching hospitals in India, Thailand, Canada, and the United States.

Results:  From January to October 1992,819 health care professionals completed the questionnaire: 340 from India, 196 from Canada, 155 from the United States, and 128 from Thailand. The percentage of respondents who had previous contact with patients with HIV/AIDS varied from 30% to 98%; it was lowest in India, followed by Thailand and then Canada, and highest in the United States. Percentages of respondents uncomfortable performing a physical examination on a patient with HIV/ AIDS were 24%, 25%, 9%, and 4%, respectively. Mean HIV/AIDS knowledge scores were 83%, 84%, 92%, and 93%, respectively. Most respondents correctly identified modes of transmission of HIV infection. Only 67% of Indian health care professionals understood the concept of a false-negative screening serologic test, compared with 98% of Canadian health care professionals. In Canada and the United States, only 78% and 76%, respectively, understood the concept of a false-positive screening serologic test. Awareness of an asymptomatic stage of HIV infection ranged from 32% in India to 74% in Canada. Despite their concerns of becoming infected, health care professionals in countries with a lower prevalence of HIV infection reported a strong ethical duty to care for these patients.

Conclusions:  Level of comfort in caring for HIV-infected patients and HIV/AIDS knowledge scores varied directly with the amount of previous contact with these patients. Disturbing numbers of health care professionals from all four countries did not understand the potential problems of the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay serologic test and a significant percentage were unaware of the asymptomatic stage of HIV infection. There is a universal need for increased education of health care professionals about HIV infection and AIDS.(Arch Intern Med. 1996;156:761-766)

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Web of Science® Times Cited: 15

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();