0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
ARTICLE |

Older Adults:  An 11-Year Longitudinal Study of Adult Protective Service Use

Mark S. Lachs, MD, MPH; Christianna Williams, MPH; Shelley O'Brien, MS; Leslie Hurst, MS; Ralph Horwitz, MD
Arch Intern Med. 1996;156(4):449-453. doi:10.1001/archinte.1996.00440040127014.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Background:  Little is known about the epidemiology of adult protective services agency (APS) utilization, the state entities charged with assessment and advocacy for disenfranchised older adults.

Objective:  To determine the prevalence of utilization by older adults and risk factors for APS.

Methods:  A longitudinal study using the New Haven Established Population for Epidemiologic Studies in the Elderly population, a cohort of 2812 community-dwelling adults who were older than 65 years in 1982. The main outcome measure was referral to the state ombudsman on aging for protective services.

Results:  Over the 11-year follow-up period, 209 cohort members (7.4%) were referred to the ombudsman 302 times as protective service cases for a community prevalence of 6.4% after adjusting for the sampling strategy of the cohort. Self-neglect was the most common indication for referral (73% of the cases). While in bivariate analyses a variety of baseline sociodemographic features, functional impairments, medical conditions, and social network factors were associated with APS use, in multivariable analysis only sociodemographic variables remained independent risk factors including low income (odds ratio [OR], 2.6; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.8 to 3.9), nonwhite race (OR, 2.2; 95% CI, 1.3 to 3.7), and age older than 75 years at cohort inception (OR, 1.9; 95% CI, 1.1 to 3.0).

Conclusions:  Prevalence of APS use by older adults is substantial, and sociodemographic features were the most compelling risk factors in our cohort. As the population ages, the number of older adults at risk for abuse, neglect, self-neglect, exploitation, and abandonment will increase; physicians will need to become familiar with APS referral pathways and mandatory reporting laws in their states.(Arch Intern Med. 1996;156:449-453)

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Web of Science® Times Cited: 48

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();