0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
ARTICLE |

Stenotrophomonas (Xanthomonas) maltophilia Urinary Tract Infection:  A Disease That Is Usually Severe and Complicated

Shahe E. Vartivarian, MD; Konstantinos A. Papadakis, MD; Elias J. Anaissie, MD
Arch Intern Med. 1996;156(4):433-435. doi:10.1001/archinte.1996.00440040111012.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Background:  Stenotrophomonas (Xanthomonas) maltophilia has emerged as a causative agent of serious nosocomial infections. However, well-documented cases of urinary tract infection with this organism have rarely been reported.

Methods:  Review of the medical records of patients admitted to a large cancer center with cultures yielding S maltophilia from urinary sources during a 15-month period.

Results:  All urinary tract infections were serious: 13 were complicated and two were acute uncomplicated pyelonephritis. The urinary tracts of 13 other patients were colonized with S maltophilia. Most of the colonized and infected patients were hospitalized with genitourinary malignancy, underwent urinary catheterization, and were receiving antibiotics inactive against S maltophilia. Neutropenia and urinary structural abnormalities were significantly associated with infection. The clinical course of infection was usually severe: fever (100%), sepsis disorder (47%), neutrophilia (70% of patients without neutropenia), bacteremia (13%), and death (7%). Still, response to treatment was prompt.

Conclusions:  Stenotrophomonas maltophilia urinary tract infection is usually associated with a severe clinical course. Risk factors for urinary colonization by this organism include hospitalization, urinary catheterization, and administration of inactive antibiotics. Risk factors for urinary tract infection include neutropenia and urinary structural abnormalities. In the presence of these risk factors, treatment for S maltophilia should be considered in patients with urinary colonization by the organism or in those with nosocomial urinary tract infection caused by an unknown pathogen and that is unresponsive to therapy with the antibiotics that are used to treat the common uropathogens.(Arch Intern Med. 1996;156:433-435)

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Web of Science® Times Cited: 43

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();