Outcome after coronary artery bypass grafting is usually evaluated by exercise stress testing. Increased exercise capacity and reduced angina pectoris have been equated with improved quality of life, but this represents a limited view.
To prospectively evaluate the effects of coronary artery bypass grafting on quality of life and exercise capacity and their interrelationship.
In a consecutive series of patients (N=2365) who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting, we administered a questionnaire to assess quality of life before and 2 years after surgery. A standardized exercise test was performed during the year before surgery and 2 years after. A preoperative exercise test was performed by 726 patients. Among these patients, 462 completed a quality-of-life questionnaire preoperatively and 578 did so postoperatively. Preoperative and postoperative exercise tests were obtained from 362 patients.
The improvement in quality of life was related to the severity of preoperative angina (P<.001) and female sex (P=.004) and was inversely related to preoperative exercise performance (P=.04). The improvement in exercise capacity was greater among men (P<.001) and was inversely related to preoperative exercise capacity (P<.001).
The greatest improvement in quality of life after coronary artery bypass grafting appeared in those patients with the most impaired exercise capacity, those with the most severe angina pectoris, and women. Improvement in exercise capacity was greatest in patients with the poorest preoperative exercise capacity and in men. These findings indicate that exercise testing is of limited value as a measure of quality of life and that assessment by a questionnaire has a complementary place.(Arch Intern Med. 1996;156:265-271)
Thank you for submitting a comment on this article. It will be reviewed by JAMA Internal Medicine editors. You will be notified when your comment has been published. Comments should not exceed 500 words of text and 10 references.
Do not submit personal medical questions or information that could identify a specific patient, questions about a particular case, or general inquiries to an author. Only content that has not been published, posted, or submitted elsewhere should be submitted. By submitting this Comment, you and any coauthors transfer copyright to the journal if your Comment is posted.
* = Required Field
Disclosure of Any Conflicts of Interest*
Indicate all relevant conflicts of interest of each author below, including all relevant financial interests, activities, and relationships within the past 3 years including, but not limited to, employment, affiliation, grants or funding, consultancies, honoraria or payment, speakers’ bureaus, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, royalties, donation of medical equipment, or patents planned, pending, or issued. If all authors have none, check "No potential conflicts or relevant financial interests" in the box below. Please also indicate any funding received in support of this work. The information will be posted with your response.
Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.
Download citation file:
Web of Science® Times Cited: 51
Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.
More Listings atJAMACareerCenter.com >
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a link to reset your password.
Enter your username and email address. We'll send instructions on how to reset your password to the email address we have on record.
Athens and Shibboleth are access management services that provide single sign-on to protected resources. They replace the multiple user names and passwords necessary to access subscription-based content with a single user name and password that can be entered once per session. It operates independently of a user's location or IP address. If your institution uses Athens or Shibboleth authentication, please contact your site administrator to receive your user name and password.