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ARTICLE |

Therapeutic Approaches in Patients With Candidemia:  Evaluation in a Multicenter, Prospective, Observational Study

M. Hong Nguyen, MD; James E. Peacock Jr, MD; David C. Tanner, MD; Arthur J. Morris, MD; Minh Ly Nguyen, MD; David R. Snydman, MD; Marilyn M. Wagener, MS; Victor L. Yu, MD
Arch Intern Med. 1995;155(22):2429-2435. doi:10.1001/archinte.1995.00430220087009.
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Objectives:  To evaluate the morbidity and mortality of Candida fungemia and to assess the efficacy of low- vs high-dose amphotericin B and fluconazole vs amphotericin B in patients with candidemia.

Methods:  Multicenter, prospective, observational study of 427 consecutive patients with candidemia.

Results:  The mortality rate for patients with candidemia was 34%. The mortality rate for patients with catheter-related candidemia in whom the catheters were retained was significantly higher than that of patients in whom the catheters were removed (41% vs 21%, P<.001). We found no overall difference in mortality in patients treated with low-dose (total amphotericin B dose of ≤500 mg) (13%) vs high-dose amphotericin B (total amphotericin B dose of >500 mg) (15%), but the group treated with a low dose had fewer side effects (40%) than those treated with a high dose (55%) (P=.03). Fluconazole was as efficacious as amphotericin B in the therapy of candidemia, even when stratified by risk factors for mortality. Fewer side effects were seen with fluconazole (12%) compared with amphotericin B (44%) (P<.001).

Conclusions:  In selected patients with candidemia, low-dose amphotericin B was as efficacious as high-dose amphotericin B. Based on other studies and ours, fluconazole seems to be an alternative therapeutic option to amphotericin B in selected patients.(Arch Intern Med. 1995;155:2429-2435)

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