0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
ARTICLE |

Factors Promoting Completion of Advance Directives in the Hospital

Anna Maria Cugliari, MS; Tracy Miller, JD; Jeffery Sobal, PhD, MPH
Arch Intern Med. 1995;155(17):1893-1898. doi:10.1001/archinte.1995.00430170089011.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Background:  The 1991 Patient Self-Determination Act required health care providers to give patients information about advance directives.

Objectives:  To investigate whether the requirement to distribute information to hospital patients increased completion of the health care proxy. To also explore factors that might influence use of advance directives, including demographic variables and methods of informing patients about the directives.

Patients and Methods:  We interviewed 419 randomly selected patients who were admitted for a planned admission to two tertiary care, teaching hospitals. Patients at one hospital received proxy information before the day of admission, at a pretesting visit, or by mail. The other hospital distributed the proxy information only on the day of admission.

Results:  Before receiving hospital materials, 17% of all patients had completed proxies. After receiving hospital proxy forms, an additional 40% completed proxies at the hospital that distributed forms before the day of admission. Only 4% of the patients completed proxies at the hospital that distributed information only on the day of admission. The most frequently cited barrier to completion of a proxy was not seeing the form. Few patients said they did not want to think about the subject.

Conclusions:  Completion rates for advance directives may be markedly improved by altering the time for distributing information to patients admitted to the hospital for a planned admission. Patients were more likely to complete a proxy in the hospital that distributed the form in advance of the day of admission, a result that was unexplained by other variables in the study. Although many patients would prefer to receive information about advance directives during an office visit with a physician, hospitalization can provide a valuable opportunity for many patients to complete directives.(Arch Intern Med. 1995;155:1893-1898)

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Web of Science® Times Cited: 35

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();