0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Access to paid content on this site is currently suspended due to excessive activity being detected from your IP address 54.196.196.72. Please contact the publisher to request reinstatement.
ARTICLE |

Physicians' Ability to Provide Initial Primary Care to an HIV-Infected Patient

J. Randall Curtis, MD, MPH; Douglas S. Paauw, MD; Marjorie D. Wenrich, MPH; Jan D. Carline, PhD; Paul G. Ramsey, MD
Arch Intern Med. 1995;155(15):1613-1618. doi:10.1001/archinte.1995.00430150083009.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Background:  Primary care physicians are providing care for an increasing number of persons infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This study assesses the ability of primary care physicians to provide initial care for a patient with recently diagnosed HIV infection.

Methods:  A standardized patient (SP) was trained to portray an asymptomatic person with HIV infection seeking a primary care physician. Physicians took a medical history and counseled the SP; their performances were assessed by the SP and through a brief written examination. In addition, physicians distributed questionnaires to HIV-infected patients in their practices to assess actual performance. The study participants consisted of 121 primary care physicians.

Results:  A minority of physicians recommended standard primary care screening tests and vaccinations, including viral hepatitis screening (35%), syphilis serologic testing (32%), and pneumococcal vaccination (23%). While most physicians (87%) indicated they would obtain CD4 cell counts, only 50% indicated they would start appropriate Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia prophylaxis. Although this patient presented documentation of a positive tuberculin skin test and no prior therapy for tuberculosis, only 53% of the physicians recommended prophylactic isoniazid. While 75% of the physicians asked this SP about his HIV risk (sex with men), less than a third asked about condom use, number of sexual partners, or contact with previous sexual partners. Physicians with the most HIV experience were more likely to recommend P carinii pneumonia prophylaxis, coinfection screening, pneumococcal vaccination, and isoniazid prophylactic therapy. However, physicians' HIV experience was not associated with assessing this SP's risk of infecting others or with counseling regarding condom use. Questionnaires distributed to HIV-infected patients of these physicians generally confirmed these findings.

Conclusions:  Basic HIV preventive and primary care may not be adequately performed by many primary care physicians. Physicians' HIV experience was associated with better performance of HIV primary care tasks, but not with screening and counseling concerning the spread of HIV infection.(Arch Intern Med. 1995;155:1613-1618)

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Web of Science® Times Cited: 24

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();