0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
ARTICLE |

Trends in Pharmacologic Management of Hypertension in the United States

Teri A. Manolio, MD, MHS; Jeffrey A. Cutler, MD, MPH; Curt D. Furberg, MD, PhD; Bruce M. Psaty, MD, PhD; Paul K. Whelton, MD, MSC; William B. Applegate, MD, MPH
Arch Intern Med. 1995;155(8):829-837. doi:10.1001/archinte.1995.00430080067009.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Background:  Two new classes of antihypertensive agents were introduced in the 1980s, but their effectiveness in preventing heart disease and stroke has not been demonstrated. Lack of evidence of their efficacy might reasonably be expected to discourage their widespread use in management of hypertension.

Methods:  Use of various classes of antihypertensive agents was estimated from published drug use information in an effort to estimate trends in antihypertensive drug use and evaluate the impact of these trends on costs of antihypertensive therapy in the United States.

Results:  Proportionate use of the five major antihypertensive drug classes shifted markedly between 1982 and 1993. Diuretics accounted for 56% of all hypertensive drug mentions in 1982 but only 27% in 1993, a relative decline of 52%. Use of β-blockers and central agents also declined during this period. Proportionate use of calcium antagonists showed the greatest gains, increasing from 0.3% to 27%, while the use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors increased from 0.8% to 24%. Given the higher costs of the newer agents, and assuming an estimated total cost of antihypertensive medications in 1992 of $7 billion, approximately $3.1 billion would have been saved had 1982 prescribing practices remained in effect in 1992.

Conclusions:  Use of calcium antagonists and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors in hypertension has increased dramatically in the past 10 years. Without convincing evidence of the advantages of these agents, it is difficult to explain the continued decline in the use of less expensive agents, such as diuretics and β-blockers, which are the only antihypertensive agents proved to reduce stroke and coronary disease in hypertensive patients.(Arch Intern Med. 1995;155:829-837)

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Web of Science® Times Cited: 163

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();