To compare the coronary disease experience of men and women in a community setting.
Design and Setting:
Prospective cohort study.
Long-term follow-up of a population-based sample of 5209 men and women.
Women outlive men and experience fewer cardiovascular events. By middle age, women lag 20 years behind men in the incidence of myocardial infarction, but the gap closes in the elderly, when cardiovascular disease becomes the leading cause of death in women as well as in men. Menopause promptly escalates coronary disease risk threefold and greatly erodes the advantage over men. Women and men share the same major risk factors for coronary disease, although women experience a lower absolute risk. However, high ratios of total/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level ratios, left ventricular hypertrophy, and diabetes tend to eliminate the female advantage.
Coronary disease is not a minor problem in women. Consequently, women should take vigorous preventive measures. There is a need for particular attention to glucose tolerance and blood lipid levels and a greater sense of urgency when hypertension progresses to left ventricular hypertrophy.(Arch Intern Med. 1995;155:57-61)
Thank you for submitting a comment on this article. It will be reviewed by JAMA Internal Medicine editors. You will be notified when your comment has been published. Comments should not exceed 500 words of text and 10 references.
Do not submit personal medical questions or information that could identify a specific patient, questions about a particular case, or general inquiries to an author. Only content that has not been published, posted, or submitted elsewhere should be submitted. By submitting this Comment, you and any coauthors transfer copyright to the journal if your Comment is posted.
* = Required Field
Disclosure of Any Conflicts of Interest*
Indicate all relevant conflicts of interest of each author below, including all relevant financial interests, activities, and relationships within the past 3 years including, but not limited to, employment, affiliation, grants or funding, consultancies, honoraria or payment, speakers’ bureaus, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, royalties, donation of medical equipment, or patents planned, pending, or issued. If all authors have none, check "No potential conflicts or relevant financial interests" in the box below. Please also indicate any funding received in support of this work. The information will be posted with your response.
Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.
Download citation file:
Web of Science® Times Cited: 188
Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.
More Listings atJAMACareerCenter.com >
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a link to reset your password.
Enter your username and email address. We'll send instructions on how to reset your password to the email address we have on record.
Athens and Shibboleth are access management services that provide single sign-on to protected resources. They replace the multiple user names and passwords necessary to access subscription-based content with a single user name and password that can be entered once per session. It operates independently of a user's location or IP address. If your institution uses Athens or Shibboleth authentication, please contact your site administrator to receive your user name and password.