0
ARTICLE |

An Overview of Trials of Cholesterol Lowering and Risk of Stroke

Patricia R. Hebert, PhD; J. Michael Gaziano, MD, MPH; Charles H. Hennekens, MD, DrPH
Arch Intern Med. 1995;155(1):50-55. doi:10.1001/archinte.1995.00430010054007.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Background:  While blood cholesterol level predicts coronary heart disease, whether there is any association with the risk of stroke is unclear. Some, but not all, observational studies suggest that cholesterol level predicts risk of stroke, particularly ischemic stroke. This hypothesis is attractive because ischemic events constitute the vast majority of all strokes and, like coronary heart disease, involve atherogenic processes.

Methods:  To investigate whether lipid lowering reduces the risk of stroke, we performed an overview of randomized trials that included more than 36000 individuals.

Results:  The mean reduction in cholesterol level in the treated as compared with the control subjects ranged from 6% to 23%. Those assigned to treatment experienced no significant reduction in all (fatal plus nonfatal) stroke (relative risk, 1.0; 95% confidence interval, 0.8 to 1.2) or fatal stroke (1.1; 0.8 to 1.6).

Conclusions:  The confidence interval for fatal stroke is wide, and alternative hypotheses, including either a small protective or harmful effect, cannot be excluded; however, the point estimates are compatible with no benefit of cholesterol lowering on the risk of stroke. Additional large-scale randomized trials assessing total mortality would more definitively address any benefits on stroke, as well as any excess nonvascular causes of mortality, for which risks of cholesterol lowering also remain uncertain.(Arch Intern Med. 1995;155:50-55)

Topics

Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Web of Science® Times Cited: 86

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();