0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
ARTICLE |

Risk Factors for Kaposi's Sarcoma in Patients With Advanced Human Immunodeficiency Virus Disease Treated With Zidovudine

Joel E. Gallant, MD, MPH; Richard D. Moore, MD; Douglas D. Richman, MD; Jeanne Keruly, RN; Richard E. Chaisson, MD
Arch Intern Med. 1994;154(5):566-572. doi:10.1001/archinte.1994.00420050132012.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Background:  Although the cause of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is unknown, its unique epidemiology suggests that an infectious, sexually transmitted agent or agents may contribute to its pathogenesis.

Methods:  To assess the natural history of KS associated with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and to identify factors associated with its development, data were analyzed from a multicenter, observational cohort study of 1044 persons with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome— related complex and a total CD4 cell count of less than 0.25 ×109/L who were treated with zidovudine between April 1987 and April 1988. Records were reviewed bimonthly. Follow-up continued for 2 years or until death.

Results:  One hundred thirty-one patients (13%) had KS at study enrollment, and 143 developed KS (14%) during follow-up, with a 2-year actuarial risk of 21%. The probability of KS at 2 years for patients with initial CD4 cell counts of less than 0.1×109/L was 25%, compared with 15% for those with counts of 0.1×109/L or more. By logistic regression, a baseline CD4 cell count of less than 0.1 ×109/L (relative odds, 1.43; 95% confidence interval, 1.04 to 1.95), homosexuality (relative odds, 3.71; 95% confidence interval, 1.82 to 7.56), cytomegalovirus disease (relative odds, 1.56; 95% confidence interval, 1.01 to 2.41), and white race (relative odds, 1.64; 95% confidence interval, 1.11 to 2.43) were independently associated with KS. Median survival after KS was 408 days, and KS was an independent predictor of death (relative hazard, 1.78; 95% confidence interval, 1.26 to 2.52).

Conclusions:  Kaposi's sarcoma contributes to human immunodeficiency virus—related morbidity and mortality, especially among male homosexuals. This large cohort study provides further evidence for an association between risk for cytomegalovirus infection and KS.(Arch Intern Med. 1994;154:566-572)

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Web of Science® Times Cited: 33

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();