We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Incidence and Risk Factors of Recurrent Episodes of Bacteremia in Adults

Josep A. Capdevila, MD; Bonito Almirante, MD; Albert Pahissa, MD; Anna Maria Planes, MD; Esteve Ribera, MD; José Manuel Martínez-Vázquez, MD
Arch Intern Med. 1994;154(4):411-415. doi:10.1001/archinte.1994.00420040071011.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


Background:  Bacteremia is a cause of high morbidity and mortality. Recurrent episodes of bacteremia, its risk factors and characteristics, have been poorly evaluated in the literature, although its occurrence has been established.

Patients and Methods:  Analysis of 1426 patients who presented with 1579 episodes of bacteremia and who were prospectively evaluated in a university-affiliated hospital during a 48-month period. The risk factors for a patient to develop a recurrence of bacteremia was assessed comparing those with recurrent episodes with those who survived an episode of bacteremia with no recurrence during the follow-up period.

Results:  A total of 105 patients presented with 248 episodes of bacteremia, of which 143 episodes were recurrent (recurrence rate, 9% of all bacteremic episodes). Two factors were independently predictive of recurrent bacteremia: (1) the presence of an underlying disease (especially a rapidly fatal one [odds ratio, 7.27]) or (2) any complication during the initial episode of bacteremia. Using these factors, the prediction model was significant, but misclassification was high, with a sensitivity of 61% and a specificity of 67% for a cutoff point that maximized both factors.

Conclusions:  We identified risk factors for patients who presented with an initial episode of bacteremia to develop a recurrence rate. The recurrence risk factors may be used as a form of guidance for extreme preventive measures, but these factors could not predict recurrence with a high degree of accuracy.(Arch Intern Med. 1994;154:411-415)


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

13 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.