We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

The Effect of Gastric Bypass Surgery on Hypertension in Morbidly Obese Patients

Jeffrey L. Carson, MD; Michael E. Ruddy, MD; Amy E. Duff, MHS; Nathaniel J. Holmes, MD; Ronald P. Cody, EdD; Robert E. Brolin, MD
Arch Intern Med. 1994;154(2):193-200. doi:10.1001/archinte.1994.00420020107012.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


Background:  Hypertension is the most common medical disorder associated with obesity. The relationship between dietary weight loss and the reduction of blood pressure is well established. However, the effect of gastric bypass surgery on blood pressure has not been well studied.

Methods:  We evaluated the relationship between weight loss and blood pressure in patients with diastolic hypertension who had gastric bypass surgery for morbid obesity. Patients were defined as hypertensive if taking antihypertensive medication or if both the preoperative office and mean hospital diastolic blood pressures were greater than 90 mm Hg. Two of the authors (J.L.C.,M.E.R.), blinded to all postoperative weights, classified the follow-up hypertensive status into one of four categories: resolved, improved, no change, or worse. The relationship between postoperative changes in blood pressure status and mean weight loss, percent excess weight loss, and body mass index were examined using a one-way analysis of variance. The relationship between postoperative weight loss and blood pressure was assessed in the baseline normotensive population using linear regression analysis.

Results:  There were 45 patients with diastolic hypertension; 91% were taking an antihypertensive medication. The mean follow-up was 39 months. The mean pre-operative weight was 137 kg and the mean weight loss at 1, 12, and 24 months following surgery was 13, 21, and 45 kg, respectively. Twelve months after surgery, hypertension had resolved in 22 patients (54%) and had improved in six patients (15%). These findings persisted through 48 months postoperatively. There was a significant relationship between the percentage of excess weight lost and improvement of hypertension at the 6-month and 12-month follow-up visits. There was also a significant relationship between the body mass index and improvement of hypertension at the 1-month, 12-month, 24-month, and 48-month follow-up visits. In the base-line normotensive patients there was not a significant relationship between our weight loss measures and changes in blood pressure.

Conclusions:  We conclude that postoperative weight loss in patients undergoing gastric bypass surgery was associated with resolution or improvement of diastolic hypertension in approximately 70% of cases. Resolution or improvement of hypertension occurred more often in patients with a lower postoperative body mass index.(Arch Intern Med. 1994;154:193-200)


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

92 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.