We studied a patient with alcoholic acidosis and an increased osmolal gap. Ethyl alcohol and other compounds that are known to increase serum osmolality in alcoholics were not detected. However, the levels of glycerol, acetone, and the acetone metabolites acetol and 1,2-propanediol were increased in the serum of this patient. On admission and 3 and 7 hours after admission, the combined serum osmolality of glycerol, acetone, acetol, and 1,2-propanediol accounted for 48%, 92%, and 62% of the increase in the osmolal gap above the highest normal level of 10 mOsm/kg H2O. The disappearance of the osmolal gap correlated with the correction of the acidosis and the concomitant reduction in serum glycerol and acetone levels. Elevations of endogenous glycerol, acetone, and acetone metabolite levels should now be added as causes for an increased osmolal gap in the alcoholic patient. Ingestion of toxic alcohols can no longer be assumed to be the only cause for an increased osmolal gap in alcoholic patients.
(Arch Intern Med. 1993;153:2377-2380)
Thank you for submitting a comment on this article. It will be reviewed by JAMA Internal Medicine editors. You will be notified when your comment has been published. Comments should not exceed 500 words of text and 10 references.
Do not submit personal medical questions or information that could identify a specific patient, questions about a particular case, or general inquiries to an author. Only content that has not been published, posted, or submitted elsewhere should be submitted. By submitting this Comment, you and any coauthors transfer copyright to the journal if your Comment is posted.
* = Required Field
Disclosure of Any Conflicts of Interest*
Indicate all relevant conflicts of interest of each author below, including all relevant financial interests, activities, and relationships within the past 3 years including, but not limited to, employment, affiliation, grants or funding, consultancies, honoraria or payment, speakers’ bureaus, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, royalties, donation of medical equipment, or patents planned, pending, or issued. If all authors have none, check "No potential conflicts or relevant financial interests" in the box below. Please also indicate any funding received in support of this work. The information will be posted with your response.
Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.
Download citation file:
Web of Science® Times Cited: 24
Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.
More Listings atJAMACareerCenter.com >
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a link to reset your password.
Enter your username and email address. We'll send instructions on how to reset your password to the email address we have on record.
Athens and Shibboleth are access management services that provide single sign-on to protected resources. They replace the multiple user names and passwords necessary to access subscription-based content with a single user name and password that can be entered once per session. It operates independently of a user's location or IP address. If your institution uses Athens or Shibboleth authentication, please contact your site administrator to receive your user name and password.