0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
ARTICLE |

Increased Osmolal Gap in Alcoholic Acidosis

Gregory L. Braden, MD; Christopher H. Strayhorn, MD; Michael J. Germain, MD; Jeffrey G. Mulhern, MD; Charles L. Skutches, PhD
Arch Intern Med. 1993;153(20):2377-2380. doi:10.1001/archinte.1993.00410200103013.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

We studied a patient with alcoholic acidosis and an increased osmolal gap. Ethyl alcohol and other compounds that are known to increase serum osmolality in alcoholics were not detected. However, the levels of glycerol, acetone, and the acetone metabolites acetol and 1,2-propanediol were increased in the serum of this patient. On admission and 3 and 7 hours after admission, the combined serum osmolality of glycerol, acetone, acetol, and 1,2-propanediol accounted for 48%, 92%, and 62% of the increase in the osmolal gap above the highest normal level of 10 mOsm/kg H2O. The disappearance of the osmolal gap correlated with the correction of the acidosis and the concomitant reduction in serum glycerol and acetone levels. Elevations of endogenous glycerol, acetone, and acetone metabolite levels should now be added as causes for an increased osmolal gap in the alcoholic patient. Ingestion of toxic alcohols can no longer be assumed to be the only cause for an increased osmolal gap in alcoholic patients.

(Arch Intern Med. 1993;153:2377-2380)

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Web of Science® Times Cited: 24

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();