Familial defective apolipoprotein B-100 is caused by a substitution of adenine for guanine in exon 26 of the gene coding for apolipoprotein B, which results in the substitution of glutamine for arginine in the putative low-density lipoprotein—receptor binding domain of the mature protein. This amino acid substitution diminishes the binding capacity of the low-density lipiprotein particle for the low-density lipoprotein receptor, which in turn leads to an increase in levels of plasma total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol.
To identify carriers of this mutation by means of molecular biology techniques in a large cohort of Dutch patients living in the Netherlands and in Canada with primary hypercholesterolemia, to establish the frequency of the disorder, and to investigate its clinical signs and symptoms and the response to cholesterol-lowering therapy.
A total of 1248 patients were screened, and the mutation was found in 18 patients who were initially all diagnosed as having familial hypercholesterolemia. Ten of 18 patients had tendon xanthomas or an arcus cornealis or both, and eight of 18 patients had angina or other evidence of coronary artery disease.
The disorder was clinically indistinguishable from familial hypercholesterolemia in terms of physical characteristics and lipoprotein measures. Response to lipid-lowering therapy with β-hydroxy-β-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors was similar to that reported in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia. The mutation was associated with a similar haplotype, which was also reported in other patients of Western European descent with familial defective apolipoprotein B100. This strongly suggests that the mutation has a common chromosomal background that originated in Western Europe.(Arch Intern Med. 1993;153:2349-2356)
Thank you for submitting a comment on this article. It will be reviewed by JAMA Internal Medicine editors. You will be notified when your comment has been published. Comments should not exceed 500 words of text and 10 references.
Do not submit personal medical questions or information that could identify a specific patient, questions about a particular case, or general inquiries to an author. Only content that has not been published, posted, or submitted elsewhere should be submitted. By submitting this Comment, you and any coauthors transfer copyright to the journal if your Comment is posted.
* = Required Field
Disclosure of Any Conflicts of Interest*
Indicate all relevant conflicts of interest of each author below, including all relevant financial interests, activities, and relationships within the past 3 years including, but not limited to, employment, affiliation, grants or funding, consultancies, honoraria or payment, speakers’ bureaus, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, royalties, donation of medical equipment, or patents planned, pending, or issued. If all authors have none, check "No potential conflicts or relevant financial interests" in the box below. Please also indicate any funding received in support of this work. The information will be posted with your response.
Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.
Download citation file:
Web of Science® Times Cited: 54
Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.
More Listings atJAMACareerCenter.com >
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a link to reset your password.
Enter your username and email address. We'll send instructions on how to reset your password to the email address we have on record.
Athens and Shibboleth are access management services that provide single sign-on to protected resources. They replace the multiple user names and passwords necessary to access subscription-based content with a single user name and password that can be entered once per session. It operates independently of a user's location or IP address. If your institution uses Athens or Shibboleth authentication, please contact your site administrator to receive your user name and password.