0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
ARTICLE |

The Diagnosis of Primary Aldosteronism and Separation of Two Major Subtypes

Myron H. Weinberger, MD; Naomi S. Fineberg, PhD
Arch Intern Med. 1993;153(18):2125-2129. doi:10.1001/archinte.1993.00410180075008.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Background:  To develop a simple screening and diagnostic test for primary aldosteronism and to compare it with established techniques.

Design:  Comparison of several techniques for screening, diagnosis, and differentiation of primary aldosteronism using normotensive and hypertensive subjects.

Methods:  Four hundred thirty-four normotensive subjects, 263 essential hypertensive subjects, 48 subjects with primary aldosteronism due to a unilateral adrenal adenoma, and 14 in whom primary aldosteronism was associated with findings of bilateral hyperaldosteronism were studied. Plasma renin activity and plasma aldosterone were measured in venous blood obtained at 8 AM after 2 hours of ambulation and compared with established suppressive (plasma aldosterone) and stimulatory (plasma renin activity) maneuvers used for the diagnosis of primary aldosteronism.

Results:  The ratio of plasma aldosterone to plasma renin activity provided complete separation of patients with primary aldosteronism from the normal and essential hypertensive groups. Moreover, based on the use of traditional localizing procedures separating unilateral hyperaldosteronism due to a solitary adenoma from bilateral hyperaldosteronism, confirmed by surgical intervention in the former subgroup, the ratio provided differentiation of these two forms of primary aldosteronism.

Conclusions:  The use of the plasma aldosterone to plasma renin activity ratio appears to be useful in the screening, diagnosis, and differentiation of unilateral and bilateral forms of primary aldosteronism. These observations may also be applicable to patients receiving some antihypertensive medications.(Arch Intern Med. 1993;153:2125-2129)

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Web of Science® Times Cited: 112

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();