Physicians and nurses constitute a major part of citizen cardiopulmonary resuscitation responders and serve as educators and resource personnel concerning cardiopulmonary resuscitation. We decided to determine if fear of infectious disease has dampened physician and nurse response to perform mouth-to-mouth resuscitation (MMR).
Four hundred thirty-three internists and one hundred fifty-two medical nurses responded to presentations of mock cardiac arrest scenarios.
Forty-five percent of the physicians and 80% of the nurses would refuse to do MMR on a stranger. Between 18% and 25% of nurses and attending internists would not do MMR on a child. Being born in the United States or white racial background decreased the reluctance of the respondents to perform MMR. Only 15% of the respondents would do MMR on a stranger in a gay neighborhood. All respondents that would not do MMR stated that their reason involved fear of contracting communicable diseases, especially acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
Internists and medical nurses are highly reluctant to perform MMR. We recommend that the teaching of MMR should emphasize performance on children and family members where willingness to perform MMR is high. We urge public education along with widespread availability of effective barrier masks to resuscitate MMR itself.(Arch Intern Med. 1993;153:1763-1769)
Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more
Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features
Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)
Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours
Thank you for submitting a comment on this article. It will be reviewed by JAMA Internal Medicine editors. You will be notified when your comment has been published. Comments should not exceed 500 words of text and 10 references.
Do not submit personal medical questions or information that could identify a specific patient, questions about a particular case, or general inquiries to an author. Only content that has not been published, posted, or submitted elsewhere should be submitted. By submitting this Comment, you and any coauthors transfer copyright to the journal if your Comment is posted.
* = Required Field
Disclosure of Any Conflicts of Interest*
Indicate all relevant conflicts of interest of each author below, including all relevant financial interests, activities, and relationships within the past 3 years including, but not limited to, employment, affiliation, grants or funding, consultancies, honoraria or payment, speakers’ bureaus, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, royalties, donation of medical equipment, or patents planned, pending, or issued. If all authors have none, check "No potential conflicts or relevant financial interests" in the box below. Please also indicate any funding received in support of this work. The information will be posted with your response.
Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.
Download citation file:
Web of Science® Times Cited: 80
Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.
More Listings atJAMACareerCenter.com >
and access these and other features:
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a link to reset your password.
Enter your username and email address. We'll send instructions on how to reset your password to the email address we have on record.
Athens and Shibboleth are access management services that provide single sign-on to protected resources. They replace the multiple user names and passwords necessary to access subscription-based content with a single user name and password that can be entered once per session. It operates independently of a user's location or IP address. If your institution uses Athens or Shibboleth authentication, please contact your site administrator to receive your user name and password.