The anticoagulant activity of warfarin sodium is monitored by the prothrombin time (PT). The introduction of a portable PT monitor has raised the possibility that patients could reduce the inconvenience of anticoagulant therapy by measuring their PT at home. We performed this study to determine the feasibility and accuracy of home use of the portable PT monitor.
A prospective cohort study was performed in consecutive eligible patients who required long-term anticoagulant therapy. Patients performed multiple measurements of their PT at home by means of the portable monitor and at their usual laboratory within a 4-hour interval. The accuracy of the portable monitor was evaluated by two criteria for agreement. Standard agreement was achieved if the portable monitor and laboratory results were both either within or outside the patient's targeted therapeutic range or if the two results were within 0.4 international normalized ratio units of each other. Expanded agreement was achieved if both the portable monitor and laboratory results were within ±0.4 international normalized ratio units of the targeted therapeutic range.
Forty patients (19 men and 21 women, aged 25 to 74 years) were followed up for 6 to 24 months by means of the portable PT monitor. The mean level of agreement achieved per patient was 83% (95% confidence interval, 79% to 87%) by the standard criteria and 96% (95% confidence interval, 94% to 98%) by the expanded criteria. Twenty-seven patients (68%) and 39 patients (98%) achieved more than 80% agreement by the standard and the expanded criteria, respectively. Questionnaire results revealed that 97% of the patients preferred using the portable monitor to measure their PT.
Patients receiving long-term anticoagulant therapy achieved a high rate of clinically important agreement between self-measurements of the PT with the use of a portable monitor and laboratory PT results. Patients strongly preferred using the portable monitor to measure their PT levels. The use of the portable monitor as the primary method for measuring the PT can be recommended in selected patients receiving long-term anticoagulant treatment.(Arch Intern Med. 1993;153:1441-1447)
Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more
Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features
Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)
Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours
Thank you for submitting a comment on this article. It will be reviewed by JAMA Internal Medicine editors. You will be notified when your comment has been published. Comments should not exceed 500 words of text and 10 references.
Do not submit personal medical questions or information that could identify a specific patient, questions about a particular case, or general inquiries to an author. Only content that has not been published, posted, or submitted elsewhere should be submitted. By submitting this Comment, you and any coauthors transfer copyright to the journal if your Comment is posted.
* = Required Field
Disclosure of Any Conflicts of Interest*
Indicate all relevant conflicts of interest of each author below, including all relevant financial interests, activities, and relationships within the past 3 years including, but not limited to, employment, affiliation, grants or funding, consultancies, honoraria or payment, speakers’ bureaus, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, royalties, donation of medical equipment, or patents planned, pending, or issued. If all authors have none, check "No potential conflicts or relevant financial interests" in the box below. Please also indicate any funding received in support of this work. The information will be posted with your response.
Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.
Download citation file:
Web of Science® Times Cited: 122
Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.
More Listings atJAMACareerCenter.com >
and access these and other features:
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a link to reset your password.
Enter your username and email address. We'll send instructions on how to reset your password to the email address we have on record.
Athens and Shibboleth are access management services that provide single sign-on to protected resources. They replace the multiple user names and passwords necessary to access subscription-based content with a single user name and password that can be entered once per session. It operates independently of a user's location or IP address. If your institution uses Athens or Shibboleth authentication, please contact your site administrator to receive your user name and password.