Previous studies on low blood pressure in patients with homozygous sickle cell (SS) disease have sought new hypotheses on the mechanism of low blood pressure but have not analyzed the role of known determinants such as weight.
Blood pressure has been measured by an automated oscillometric method in 220 patients with SS disease, 144 with sickle cell-hemoglobin C disease (both groups aged, 9.5 to 18.5 years) and 122 control subjects with a normal hemoglobin genotype (aged 16.0 to 18.5 years) participating in a cohort study from birth.
Significant age-related increases in systolic and mean arterial pressure occurred in sickle cell-hemoglobin C disease but not in SS disease. Further analyses were confined to a subgroup of 51 patients with SS, 41 patients with sickle cell-hemoglobin C, and 97 subjects with normal hemoglobin, aged 16.0 to 18.5 years in whom simultaneous measurements of height, weight, arm circumference, and hematologic test results were also available. Crude analyses showed significantly lower systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial pressure in SS disease compared with control subjects with normal hemoglobin, but further analysis showed the systolic difference to be confined to males and all differences disappeared after adjustment for weight. No differences occurred in sickle cell-hemoglobin C disease.
These results suggest that the lower blood pressure in SS disease is attributable to low weight and that no further mechanisms need be postulated.(Arch Intern Med. 1993;153:1233-1236)
Thank you for submitting a comment on this article. It will be reviewed by JAMA Internal Medicine editors. You will be notified when your comment has been published. Comments should not exceed 500 words of text and 10 references.
Do not submit personal medical questions or information that could identify a specific patient, questions about a particular case, or general inquiries to an author. Only content that has not been published, posted, or submitted elsewhere should be submitted. By submitting this Comment, you and any coauthors transfer copyright to the journal if your Comment is posted.
* = Required Field
Disclosure of Any Conflicts of Interest*
Indicate all relevant conflicts of interest of each author below, including all relevant financial interests, activities, and relationships within the past 3 years including, but not limited to, employment, affiliation, grants or funding, consultancies, honoraria or payment, speakers’ bureaus, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, royalties, donation of medical equipment, or patents planned, pending, or issued. If all authors have none, check "No potential conflicts or relevant financial interests" in the box below. Please also indicate any funding received in support of this work. The information will be posted with your response.
Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.
Download citation file:
Web of Science® Times Cited: 6
Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.
More Listings atJAMACareerCenter.com >
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a link to reset your password.
Enter your username and email address. We'll send instructions on how to reset your password to the email address we have on record.
Athens and Shibboleth are access management services that provide single sign-on to protected resources. They replace the multiple user names and passwords necessary to access subscription-based content with a single user name and password that can be entered once per session. It operates independently of a user's location or IP address. If your institution uses Athens or Shibboleth authentication, please contact your site administrator to receive your user name and password.