0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
ARTICLE |

Effect of Sequential and Daily Continuous Hormone Replacement Therapy on Indexes of Mineral Metabolism

Ghada El-Hajj Fuleihan, MD; Edward M. Brown, MD; Kate Curtis; Merle J. Berger, MD; Barry M. Berger, MD; Ray Gleason, PhD; Meryl S. LeBoff, MD
Arch Intern Med. 1992;152(9):1904-1909. doi:10.1001/archinte.1992.00400210126022.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Background.—  Continuous regimens of estrogen-progesterone have recently been favored over sequential regimens because of a lower incidence of withdrawal bleeding. To determine whether the beneficial effects of sequential hormonal therapy on bone metabolism are preserved with the newer continuous regimens, we studied indexes of skeletal metabolism and changes in bone mineral density during a 1-year prospective trial.Methods.—Our subjects were randomized to one of three treatment groups: those in group C-2.5 were treated with 0.625 mg of conjugated estrogen with 2.5 mg of micronized medroxyprogesterone acetate daily continuously; group C-5 received 0.625 mg of conjugated estrogen and 5.0 mg of micronized medroxyprogesterone acetate daily continuously; and group S-5 received 0.625 mg of conjugated estrogen on days 1 through 25 and 5 mg of micronized medroxyprogesterone acetate on days 14 through 25.

Results.—  At 1 year, all groups demonstrated a significant decrease in indexes of bone formation turnover, including decrements in alkaline phosphatase levels of 11 % to 30% and in osteocalcin levels of 45% to 60%. Intact parathyroid hormone levels rose 10% to 20%, with a concomitant near-significant decrement in ionized calcium levels at 12 months. In addition, there were significant decrements in the 24-hour urinary calcium-creatinine ratios and hydroxyproline-creatinine ratios of 13% to 28%, measures of bone resorption. Linear regression analyses showed that the subjects with the high bone resorption achieved the greatest increment in bone mineral density in response to hormone therapy.Conclusion.—The daily continuous estrogen-progesterone regimens are as efficacious as sequential hormonal therapy in decreasing indexes of bone turnover and stabilizing bone mineral density of the spine and proximal femur.(Arch Intern Med. 1992;152:1904-1909)

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Web of Science® Times Cited: 16

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();