0
ARTICLE |

Operative Risk in Patients With Severe Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Kurt Kroenke, MC; Valerie A. Lawrence, MD; John F. Theroux, MC; Michael R. Tuley, PhD
Arch Intern Med. 1992;152(5):967-971. doi:10.1001/archinte.1992.00400170057011.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Background.—  We wanted to determine the risk of post-operative pulmonary complications and mortality in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Methods.—  We reviewed 107 consecutive operations performed in 89 patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (forced expiratory volume in 1 second, <50% of predicted).

Results.—  Postoperative pulmonary complications occurred in 31 operations (29%) and were significantly related to the type and duration of surgery. Also, American Society of Anesthesiologists class approached significance as a predictor. Postoperative pulmonary complications occurred at higher rates in coronary artery bypass grafting and major abdominal procedures (60% and 56%) than in other operations involving general or spinal anesthesia (27%) or in procedures performed with the patient under regional or local anesthesia (16%). When the durations of the operations were classified as less than 1 hour, 1 to 2 hours, 2 to 4 hours, and more than 4 hours, the rates of postoperative pulmonary complications were 4%, 23%, 38%, and 73%, respectively. Regarding American Society of Anesthesiologists class, postoperative pulmonary complications occurred in 10% of patients in class II, 28% of those in class III, and 46% of those in class IV. In terms of life-threatening complications, there were six deaths and only two cases of nonfatal ventilatory failure. Notably, mortality clustered primarily in coronary artery bypass graft procedures. Five of 10 patients receiving coronary artery bypass grafts died, compared with one death after 97 non—coronary artery bypass graft operations (50% vs 1%).

Conclusions.—  Although the risk of coronary artery bypass grafting deserves further study, noncardiac surgery carries an acceptable operative risk in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.(Arch Intern Med. 1992;152:967-971)

Topics

Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Web of Science® Times Cited: 66

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();