Patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease may have pulmonary symptoms due to repeated aspiration of gastric contents or reflex bronchospasm during a reflux event. Oral bronchodilators are known to worsen gastroesophageal reflux and may lead to a vicious cycle when gastroesophageal reflux causes bronchospasm. The effect of inhaled bronchodilators on gastroesophageal reflux is unknown. We compared the severity of gastroesophageal reflux in patients with documented gastroesophageal reflux disease and obstructive lung disease while they were taking inhaled albuterol or oral theophylline. Nine patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease had 24-hour esophageal pH studies on two separate days approximately 1 week apart. On one study day, the patients received 0.5 mg of albuterol in 2.5 mL of normal saline via hand-held nebulizer, four times a day. On the other day, the patients received sustainedrelease theophylline, 200 mg twice a day, or in a dosage taken previously to achieve a serum theophylline level of 55 to 110 μmol/L. The patients had 40% reduction in the total time the pH was less than 4.0 with albuterol than with theophylline (9.7% vs 16.1%). Seven patients had less gastroesophageal reflux while taking albuterol, and two patients had essentially no change. Patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease, who require bronchodilator therapy for obstructive lung disease, have less reflux with inhaled albuterol.
(Arch Intern Med. 1992;152:783-785)
Thank you for submitting a comment on this article. It will be reviewed by JAMA Internal Medicine editors. You will be notified when your comment has been published. Comments should not exceed 500 words of text and 10 references.
Do not submit personal medical questions or information that could identify a specific patient, questions about a particular case, or general inquiries to an author. Only content that has not been published, posted, or submitted elsewhere should be submitted. By submitting this Comment, you and any coauthors transfer copyright to the journal if your Comment is posted.
* = Required Field
Disclosure of Any Conflicts of Interest*
Indicate all relevant conflicts of interest of each author below, including all relevant financial interests, activities, and relationships within the past 3 years including, but not limited to, employment, affiliation, grants or funding, consultancies, honoraria or payment, speakers’ bureaus, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, royalties, donation of medical equipment, or patents planned, pending, or issued. If all authors have none, check "No potential conflicts or relevant financial interests" in the box below. Please also indicate any funding received in support of this work. The information will be posted with your response.
Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.
Download citation file:
Web of Science® Times Cited: 11
Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.
More Listings atJAMACareerCenter.com >
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a link to reset your password.
Enter your username and email address. We'll send instructions on how to reset your password to the email address we have on record.
Athens and Shibboleth are access management services that provide single sign-on to protected resources. They replace the multiple user names and passwords necessary to access subscription-based content with a single user name and password that can be entered once per session. It operates independently of a user's location or IP address. If your institution uses Athens or Shibboleth authentication, please contact your site administrator to receive your user name and password.