Medical therapy for gastroesophageal reflux disease should entail a multistep approach. After life-style changes, many patients will require histamine2 receptor antagonists in conventional doses with repeated therapeutic courses, if not continuous maintenance. Prokinetic agents are potentially useful in those patients with impaired motor function of the esophageal or gastric smooth muscle. Combination therapy with histamine2 receptor antagonists and prokinetic agents or sucralfate provides modest healing benefit, if any, over that by histamine, receptor antagonists alone. For patients with more severe refractory disease, omeprazole has provided unequaled healing rates and accelerated symptomatic relief. High-dose (twofold or more standard dose) histamine2 receptor antagonist therapy may also heal highgrade esophagitis, but the reported experience is small. After healing is achieved, an attempt should generally be made to "step down" therapy to standard-dose histamine2 receptor antagonist as maintenance. Finding the least amount of drug to control symptoms and maintain the integrity of the esophageal mucosa would minimize cost and potential long-term risk.
(Arch Intern Med. 1992;152:717-723)
Thank you for submitting a comment on this article. It will be reviewed by JAMA Internal Medicine editors. You will be notified when your comment has been published. Comments should not exceed 500 words of text and 10 references.
Do not submit personal medical questions or information that could identify a specific patient, questions about a particular case, or general inquiries to an author. Only content that has not been published, posted, or submitted elsewhere should be submitted. By submitting this Comment, you and any coauthors transfer copyright to the journal if your Comment is posted.
* = Required Field
Disclosure of Any Conflicts of Interest*
Indicate all relevant conflicts of interest of each author below, including all relevant financial interests, activities, and relationships within the past 3 years including, but not limited to, employment, affiliation, grants or funding, consultancies, honoraria or payment, speakers’ bureaus, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, royalties, donation of medical equipment, or patents planned, pending, or issued. If all authors have none, check "No potential conflicts or relevant financial interests" in the box below. Please also indicate any funding received in support of this work. The information will be posted with your response.
Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.
Download citation file:
Web of Science® Times Cited: 23
Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.
More Listings atJAMACareerCenter.com >
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a link to reset your password.
Enter your username and email address. We'll send instructions on how to reset your password to the email address we have on record.
Athens and Shibboleth are access management services that provide single sign-on to protected resources. They replace the multiple user names and passwords necessary to access subscription-based content with a single user name and password that can be entered once per session. It operates independently of a user's location or IP address. If your institution uses Athens or Shibboleth authentication, please contact your site administrator to receive your user name and password.