0
ARTICLE |

Influenza Vaccination:  Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior Among High-Risk Outpatients

Kristin L. Nichol, MD, MPH; Richard P. Lofgren, MD, MPH; James Gapinski, MD
Arch Intern Med. 1992;152(1):106-110. doi:10.1001/archinte.1992.00400130124015.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

The Minneapolis and Pittsburgh Veterans Affairs Medical Centers conduct virtually identical institution-wide influenza vaccination programs that include annual educational and publicity mailings to all outpatients. Despite these efforts, 40% to 50% of high-risk outpatients at both centers fail to receive influenza vaccine each year. To assess differences between high-risk vaccine recipients and nonrecipients, a self-administered questionnaire was mailed to 500 randomly selected outpatients from each site. The questionnaire asked about risk factors, vaccination status, and knowledge and attitudes regarding influenza and "flu shots." Patient risk characteristics and vaccination rates in Minneapolis and Pittsburgh were similar with 75.6% and 76.3% reporting high-risk conditions and 65.6% and 56.1% of high-risk respondents reporting influenza vaccination, respectively. High-risk vaccine recipients and nonrecipients had similar knowledge but different attitudes about influenza and "flu shots." Using stepwise logistic regression, factors positively associated with vaccination behavior were: intention to follow physician or nurse recommendations for "flu shots" (odds ratio [OR] = 7.09); previous vaccination behavior (OR = 6.36); and physician or nurse recommendations for a "flu shot" (OR = 4.29). Factors negatively associated with vaccination behavior were difficulty in coming to the medical center (OR = 0.42) and previous side effects from the vaccine (OR = 0.19). These findings suggest areas in need of additional emphasis if influenza vaccination rates are to be improved.

(Arch Intern Med. 1992;152:106-110)

Topics

Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours

Figures

Tables

References

Correspondence

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Web of Science® Times Cited: 68

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();