We compared the plasma lipid profiles of Cuban Americans and other Hispanic-American subgroups with those of non-Hispanics. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels were lower and triglyceride levels were higher when Hispanic women were compared with non-Hispanic women, and this pattern was also apparent for men. The lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and higher triglyceride levels were consistent for both Cuban and non-Cuban Hispanics. There were higher waist-hip ratios and insulin levels in both Hispanic men and women. When allowances were made for these attributes in covariance analyses, the lipid differences were markedly diminished. These data suggest the lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and higher triglyceride levels are consistent across Hispanic subgroups and that this lipid pattern may be attributable at least in part to increased insulin resistance in Hispanics.
(Arch Intern Med. 1991;151:1613-1616)