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ARTICLE |

Healthy Approaches to Physician Stress

Timothy E. Quill, MD; Penelope R. Williamson, ScD
Arch Intern Med. 1990;150(9):1857-1861. doi:10.1001/archinte.1990.00390200057011.
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• Many studies demonstrate that physicians in training and in practice experience considerable distress, with a high incidence of dysfunction and dissatisfaction. Little is known about the strategies employed by practicing physicians who find enjoyment and satisfaction in their work. We conducted an openended survey about how a group of physicians cope with common dilemmas they face today such as mistakes, death, self-care, uncertainty, patient demands, and time demands. We describe the techniques employed by those who felt they were effectively coping. Responses were organized into five general requirements for personal growth: (1) self-awareness, (2) sharing of feelings and responsibilities, (3) self-care, (4) developing a personal philosophy, and (5) nontraditional coping skills of reframing and limit setting. General descriptions of these requirements are followed by tables of specific examples from the survey. The application of these strategies to the dilemmas cited above are presented. These descriptive findings emphasize the need for training programs and governing bodies to incorporate strategies for physicians' personal growth into their priorities. The five basic areas described herein can provide a framework for formal attention to physicians' personal development.

(Arch Intern Med. 1990;150:1857-1861)

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The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
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