Increasing Frequency of Staphylococcal Infective Endocarditis:  Experience at a University Hospital, 1981 Through 1988

Tomas J. Sanabria, MD; Joseph S. Alpert, MD; Robert Goldberg, PhD; Linda A. Pape, MD; Sarah H. Cheeseman, MD
Arch Intern Med. 1990;150(6):1305-1309. doi:10.1001/archinte.1990.00390180113021.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

• To determine the characteristics of infective endocarditis in our hospital, we reviewed all patients with that diagnosis at the University of Massachusetts Medical Center, Worcester, between 1981 and 1988. Of 113 patients with infective endocarditis, 56 (50%) had staphylococcal endocarditis. Despite aggressive medical and surgical therapy, in-hospital mortality was 25%. Forty-five (80%) of the 56 cases of staphylococcal endocarditis involved Staphylococcus aureus with a mortality of 28% vs 9% in the non–S aureus group. Mortality was higher in patients with congestive heart failure (35%), atrioventricular block (45%), atrial fibrillation (42%), and prosthetic valve endocarditis (50%). Seventy-six percent of the patients with congestive heart failure required surgery. Patients with congestive heart failure and S aureus infection had a mortality of 45%. Thirty-six patients (64%) were alive at late follow-up (mean, 28.6 months). Mortality was highest (23%) during the first 3 months following diagnosis of staphylococcal endocarditis. Staphylococcal endocarditis represents an increasingly large proportion of patients with infectious endocarditis. Mortality rates remain high despite aggressive management of the patient's condition.

(Arch Intern Med. 1990;150:1305-1309)


Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours





Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Submit a Comment


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Web of Science® Times Cited: 91

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.