We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

Body Weight as a Risk Factor in the Elderly

Matthew Tayback, ScD; Shiriki Kumanyika, PhD; Elsbeth Chee, ScD
Arch Intern Med. 1990;150(5):1065-1072. doi:10.1001/archinte.1990.00390170095021.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


• To determine whether body weight is a risk factor for mortality among older persons, we analyzed body mass index (weight [kilogram]/height [square meter]) data for 4710 white, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey respondents who were aged 55 to 74 years during 1971 through 1975, in relation to their survival over an average of 8.7 years of follow-up. In a multivariate analysis that controlled for elevated blood pressure, smoking, and poverty, we found no additional risk associated with weight among women and a statistically significant, but moderate, additional risk (relative risk, 1.1 to 1.2) among men in the upper decile (body mass index, ≥30 kg/m2). In contrast, low weight (body mass index, <22 kg/m2) was associated with increased mortality (relative risk, 1.3 to 1.6) except for women aged 55 to 64 years. We conclude that the accepted definition of overweight (body mass index, ≥27.8 kg/m2 [men] or ≥27.3 kg/m2 [women]) lacks specificity and may be inappropriate for older persons who do not have weight-related medical conditions. The low-weight mortality association, consistently demonstrated, deserves serious scrutiny.

(Arch Intern Med. 1990;150:1065-1072)


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

152 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.