• Pneumocystis carinii has taken on new importance with the emergence of the human immunodeficiency virus. It is the most common life-threatening opportunistic infection in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and eventually develops in 80% or more of those not receiving primary prophylaxis. This review focuses on the clinical presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and prophylaxis of P carinii pneumonia in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection.
(Arch Intern Med. 1990;150:271-279)