• Thirty-eight patients with incomplete lupus erythematosus (ILE) (defined as the presence of fewer than four of the criteria of the American College of Rheumatology for systemic lupus erythematosus [SLE]) were identified and compared with 42 patients with SLE. Both groups were comparable with respect to age, sex, and race. Patients with ILE had symptoms for an average of 38 months before seeking rheumatologic care and were followed up for a mean of 19 months; patients with SLE averaged 9 months with symptoms before their diagnosis was made and were followed for a mean of 30 months. Characteristic clinical features of patients with ILE included positive antinuclear antibody titers (83%), polyarticular nonerosive arthritis (47%), and cutaneous findings (61%). These were comparable with findings in the the SLE group. However, patients with ILE had significantly fewer systemic manifestations than did those with SLE. Patients with ILE were treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs more frequently (47%) than were patients with SLE, while the latter group received more topical and oral corticosteorids and immunosuppressives. Only two of the patients with ILE went on to have typical SLE. Thus, ILE may be frequent, mild, and relatively stable or benign, apparently evolving slowly if at all into SLE or other rheumatic disease.
(Arch Intern Med. 1989;149:2473-2476)
Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more
Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features
Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)
Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours
Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and
Association With Material Stature
Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early
dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal
Thank you for submitting a comment on this article. It will be reviewed by JAMA Internal Medicine editors. You will be notified when your comment has been published. Comments should not exceed 500 words of text and 10 references.
Do not submit personal medical questions or information that could identify a specific patient, questions about a particular case, or general inquiries to an author. Only content that has not been published, posted, or submitted elsewhere should be submitted. By submitting this Comment, you and any coauthors transfer copyright to the journal if your Comment is posted.
* = Required Field
Disclosure of Any Conflicts of Interest*
Indicate all relevant conflicts of interest of each author below, including all relevant financial interests, activities, and relationships within the past 3 years including, but not limited to, employment, affiliation, grants or funding, consultancies, honoraria or payment, speakers’ bureaus, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, royalties, donation of medical equipment, or patents planned, pending, or issued. If all authors have none, check "No potential conflicts or relevant financial interests" in the box below. Please also indicate any funding received in support of this work. The information will be posted with your response.
Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.
Download citation file:
Web of Science® Times Cited: 56
Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.
More Listings atJAMACareerCenter.com >
and access these and other features:
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a link to reset your password.
Enter your username and email address. We'll send instructions on how to reset your password to the email address we have on record.
Athens and Shibboleth are access management services that provide single sign-on to protected resources. They replace the multiple user names and passwords necessary to access subscription-based content with a single user name and password that can be entered once per session. It operates independently of a user's location or IP address. If your institution uses Athens or Shibboleth authentication, please contact your site administrator to receive your user name and password.