• We undertook a prospective study of IgG and IgM anticardiolipin antibodies (ACAs) to determine their clinical significance in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). IgG ACAs were found in 24 (92.3%) of 26 patients with AIDS who were hospitalized for pulmonary complaints (group 1) and in 13 (93%) of 14 patients with AIDS-related complex (group 2). In addition, 17 (94%) of 18 patients with AIDS (group 3) who had coagulation tests and were studied retrospectively had IgG ACAs. The prevalence of IgG ACAs in these three groups was significantly higher than in healthy controls, but was comparable to that in 31 consecutive patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (67.7%). The mean titer of IgG ACAs in group 1 was higher than in groups 2 and 3 but was not different from that in the patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. The frequency and titer of IgM ACAs in group 1 (7.6%) or group 2 (14.3%) were not significantly different from those in normal controls (4.7%). In contrast, half of the patients in group 3 had low-titer IgM ACAs. The serum titer of IgG ACAs in patients with AIDS with thrombocytopenia was significantly higher than it was in those with normal platelet counts. There was no association between ACAs and Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia or other infections, cancer, thrombosis, positive VDRL test, or presence of the lupus anticoagulant. The prevalence and titer of IgG or IgM ACAs were not associated with abnormal results of any coagulation test. Although we found IgG ACAs to be associated with thrombocytopenia in AIDS, their presence does not carry exactly the same clinical significance as it does in systemic lupus erythematosus. The high prevalence of ACAs in AIDS, in AIDS-related complex, and in otherwise healthy contacts with antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus suggests that their occurrence may be related to the underlying human immunodeficiency virus infection.
(Arch Intern Med. 1989;149:1833-1835)
Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more
Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features
Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)
Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours
Country-Specific Mortality and Growth Failure in Infancy and Yound Children and
Association With Material Stature
Use interactive graphics and maps to view and sort country-specific infant and early
dhildhood mortality and growth failure data and their association with maternal
Thank you for submitting a comment on this article. It will be reviewed by JAMA Internal Medicine editors. You will be notified when your comment has been published. Comments should not exceed 500 words of text and 10 references.
Do not submit personal medical questions or information that could identify a specific patient, questions about a particular case, or general inquiries to an author. Only content that has not been published, posted, or submitted elsewhere should be submitted. By submitting this Comment, you and any coauthors transfer copyright to the journal if your Comment is posted.
* = Required Field
Disclosure of Any Conflicts of Interest*
Indicate all relevant conflicts of interest of each author below, including all relevant financial interests, activities, and relationships within the past 3 years including, but not limited to, employment, affiliation, grants or funding, consultancies, honoraria or payment, speakers’ bureaus, stock ownership or options, expert testimony, royalties, donation of medical equipment, or patents planned, pending, or issued. If all authors have none, check "No potential conflicts or relevant financial interests" in the box below. Please also indicate any funding received in support of this work. The information will be posted with your response.
Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.
Download citation file:
Web of Science® Times Cited: 132
Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.
More Listings atJAMACareerCenter.com >
and access these and other features:
Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a link to reset your password.
Enter your username and email address. We'll send instructions on how to reset your password to the email address we have on record.
Athens and Shibboleth are access management services that provide single sign-on to protected resources. They replace the multiple user names and passwords necessary to access subscription-based content with a single user name and password that can be entered once per session. It operates independently of a user's location or IP address. If your institution uses Athens or Shibboleth authentication, please contact your site administrator to receive your user name and password.