We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Article |

The Association of Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs With Upper Gastrointestinal Tract Bleeding

Jeffrey L. Carson, MD; Brian L. Strom, MD, MPH; Keith A. Soper, MA; Suzanne L. West, MPH; M. Lee Morse, PharmB
Arch Intern Med. 1987;147(1):85-88. doi:10.1001/archinte.1987.00370010087021.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


• To evaluate the risk of developing upper gastrointestinal (UGI) bleeding from nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), a retrospective (historical) cohort study was performed, using a computerized data base including 1980 billing data from all Medicaid patients in the states of Michigan and Minnesota. Comparing 47136 exposed patients to 44 634 unexposed patients, the unadjusted relative risk for developing UGI bleeding 30 days after exposure to a NSAID was 1.5 (95% confidence interval 1.2 to 2.0). Univariate analyses demonstrated associations between UGI bleeding and age, sex, state, alcohol-related diagnoses, preexisting abdominal conditions, and use of anticoagulants. This association between NSAIDs and UGI bleeding was unchanged after adjusting for these potential confounding variables using logistic regeression. A linear dose-response relationship and a quadratic duration-response relationship were demonstrated. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are associated with UGI bleeding, although the magnitude of the increased risk is reassuringly small.

(Arch Intern Med 1987;147:85-88)


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?





Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

260 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.