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ARTICLE |

Relative Efficacy and Toxicity of Netilmicin and Tobramycin in Oncology Patients

Jack M. Bernstein, MD; Geoffrey J. Gorse, MD; M. Ines Linzmayer, MD; P. Samuel Pegram, MD; Robert D. Levin, MD; Robert E. Brummett, PhD; Norman Markowitz, MD; Louis D. Saravolatz, MD; Richard R. Lorber, MD
Arch Intern Med. 1986;146(12):2329-2334. doi:10.1001/archinte.1986.00360240043008.
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• We prospectively compared the efficacy and safety of netilmicin sulfate or tobramycin sulfate in conjunction with piperacillin sodium in 118 immunocompromised patients with presumed severe infections. The two treatment regimens were equally efficacious. Nephrotoxicity occurred in a similar proportion in patients treated with netilmicin and tobramycin 17% vs 11%). Ototoxicity occurred in four (9.5%) of 42 netilmicin and piperacillin and in 12 (22%) of 54 tobramycin and piperacillin—treated patients. Of those evaluated with posttherapy audiograms, three of four netilmicin and piperacillin—treated patients had auditory thresholds return to baseline compared with one of nine tobramycin and piperacillin—treated patients. The number of ≥15-dB increases in auditory threshold as a proportion of total ≥15-dB changes (increases and decreases) was significantly lower in netilmicin and piperacillin— vs tobramycin and piperacillin—treated patients (18 of 78 vs 67 of 115). We conclude that aminoglycoside-associated ototoxicity was less severe and more often reversible with netilmicin than

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